Alkylamides from Echinacea Are a New Class of Cannabinomimetics

@article{Raduner2006AlkylamidesFE,
  title={Alkylamides from Echinacea Are a New Class of Cannabinomimetics},
  author={Stefan Raduner and A. Majewska and Jian-zhong Chen and Xiang-Qun Sean Xie and Jacques Hamon and Bernard Faller and Karl‐Heinz Altmann and J{\"u}rg Gertsch},
  journal={Journal of Biological Chemistry},
  year={2006},
  volume={281},
  pages={14192 - 14206}
}
Alkylamides (alkamides) from Echinacea modulate tumor necrosis factor α mRNA expression in human monocytes/macrophages via the cannabinoid type 2 (CB2) receptor (Gertsch, J., Schoop, R., Kuenzle, U., and Suter, A. (2004) FEBS Lett. 577, 563–569). Here we show that the alkylamides dodeca-2E,4E,8Z,10Z-tetraenoic acid isobutylamide (A1) and dodeca-2E,4E-dienoic acid isobutylamide (A2) bind to the CB2 receptor more strongly than the endogenous cannabinoids. The Ki values of A1 and A2 (CB2 ∼60 nm… 

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