Alisol B, a novel inhibitor of the sarcoplasmic/endoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+) ATPase pump, induces autophagy, endoplasmic reticulum stress, and apoptosis.

Abstract

Emerging evidence suggests that autophagic modulators have therapeutic potential. This study aims to identify novel autophagic inducers from traditional Chinese medicinal herbs as potential antitumor agents. Using an image-based screen and bioactivity-guided purification, we identified alisol B 23-acetate, alisol A 24-acetate, and alisol B from the rhizome of Alisma orientale as novel inducers of autophagy, with alisol B being the most potent natural product. Across several cancer cell lines, we showed that alisol B-treated cells displayed an increase of autophagic flux and formation of autophagosomes, leading to cell cycle arrest at the G(1) phase and cell death. Alisol B induced calcium mobilization from internal stores, leading to autophagy through the activation of the CaMKK-AMPK-mammalian target of rapamycin pathway. Moreover, the disruption of calcium homeostasis induces endoplasmic reticulum stress and unfolded protein responses in alisol B-treated cells, leading to apoptotic cell death. Finally, by computational virtual docking analysis and biochemical assays, we showed that the molecular target of alisol B is the sarcoplasmic/endoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+) ATPase. This study provides detailed insights into the cytotoxic mechanism of a novel antitumor compound.

DOI: 10.1158/1535-7163.MCT-09-0700

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@article{Law2010AlisolBA, title={Alisol B, a novel inhibitor of the sarcoplasmic/endoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+) ATPase pump, induces autophagy, endoplasmic reticulum stress, and apoptosis.}, author={Betty Y.K. Law and Mingfu Wang and Dik-Lung Ma and Fawaz A Al-Mousa and Francesco Michelangeli and Suk-hang Cheng and Margaret Ng and Ka-fai To and Anthony Y.F. Mok and Rebecca Y.Y. Ko and Sze Kui Lam and Feng Chen and Chi-Ming Che and Pauline Chiu and Ben Chi Bun Ko}, journal={Molecular cancer therapeutics}, year={2010}, volume={9 3}, pages={718-30} }