Alien encounters

  title={Alien encounters},
  author={Stacie D. A. Burke and Lawrence A. Sawchuk},
  journal={The History of the Family},
  pages={531 - 561}
In a place where land was scarce and military security paramount, population growth was perceived as Gibraltar's most insidious curse. While British law protected the rightful residence of those who were recognized by the early 19th century definition of Gibraltar “native,” colonial authorities realized that the local population was also increasing by other means. The tenet of the jus soli became one of Gibraltar's most notable weaknesses in attempting to control local population growth. Laws… Expand
Strategic Colonies and Economic Development: Real Wages in Cyprus, Gibraltar, and Malta, 1836–1913
type="main"> What if a colony is neither extractive nor settler material? European powers colonized some areas for military reasons: to keep those areas out of rivals' hands or to have geographicallyExpand
Governing Through the Border: (Post)colonial Governmentality in Gibraltar
This chapter offers a critical analysis of the functioning of the border dividing Gibraltar from Spain. Whereas the management of this frontier is frequently contested by the inhabitants and theExpand
La pequeña comunidad hebrea de La Línea (1856-1936)
From the second half of the nineteenth century a few Hebrew families from Gibraltar or from North Africa settled on La Linea, a border town next to the British colony of Gibraltar. This HebrewExpand
The Barefooted Foreigner
In 1885, a cholera epidemic threatened the British fortress colony of Gibraltar. As opposed to previous cholera epidemics, this outbreak was marked by scapegoating, and Maltese immigrants wereExpand
A New British Subject: The Creation of a Common Ethnicity in Gibraltar
In recent decades, scholars of nationalism have paid increasing attention to the role of ethnicity in the formation of nations. In fact, nationalist narratives often structure the nation around aExpand
Earthquakes and the End Times: A Geological and Biblical Perspective
According to a number of Christian writers and teachers on Bible prophecy, Jesus predicted in the Olivet Discourse that a pronounced increase in the frequency and intensity of earthquakes would occurExpand
Mechanical bodies; mythical minds
A cursory examination of the history of Artificial Intelligence, AI, serves to highlight several strong claims from its researchers, especially in relation to the populist form of computationalismExpand
Brain Inspired Cognitive Systems Mechanical Bodies; M Ythical Minds
A cursory examination o f the history of Artificial Intelligence, AI, serves to highlight several strong claims from its researchers, especially in relation to the populist form of computationalismExpand
Artificial Intelligence is stupid and causal reasoning won't fix it
This paper, foregrounding what in 1949 Gilbert Ryle termed a category mistake, will offer an alternative explanation for AI errors: it is not so much that AI machinery cannot grasp causality, but thatAI machinery - qua computation - cannot understand anything at all. Expand
Is Anyone Home? A Way to Find Out If AI Has Become Self-Aware
  • J. Bishop
  • Medicine, Computer Science
  • Front. Robot. AI
  • 2018
Recent articles by Schneider and Turner (Turner and Schneider, 2017; Schneider and Turner, 2017) outline an artificial consciousness test (ACT); a new, purely behavioural process to probe subjectiveExpand


Protecting the citizen body: The commonwealth's role in shaping and defending an ‘Australian’ population
This article traces the activities of the Commonwealth in shaping a population that it felt comfortable with and capable of governing successfully from 1901 to 1962. We argue that the body ofExpand
British attitudes to Sudanese labour: the foreign office records as sources for social history
Abstract In the absence of any satisfactory full‐length history of the small but historically important Sudanese working class, the present paper attempts to evaluate the records of the BritishExpand
Societal and ecological determinants of urban health: a case study of pre-reproductive mortality in 19th century Gibraltar.
  • L. Sawchuk
  • Geography, Medicine
  • Social science & medicine
  • 1993
A historical based enquiry of colonial Gibraltar at the turn of the 19th century was conducted in order to assess what factors gave rise to residential variation of pre-reproductive mortality, revealing that residents of buildings of two household units had lower mortality than residents living in smaller or larger dwellings, particularly in the period of high ecological stress. Expand
Nationality and Immigration
The purpose of nationality law could be considered to be the specification of those who belong to a given state. The purpose of immigration law, on the other hand, could be considered to be theExpand
The Legal relevance of gender : some aspects of sex-based discrimination
Discrimination against individuals because of their membership of a defined group is a phenomenon whose roots are deeply entrenched. There would seem to have been no communities for whom equality ofExpand
British development policies and malaria in India: 1897-c.1929.
  • S. Watts
  • Political Science, Medicine
  • Past & present
  • 1999
L'A. examine le role des projets de developpement britanniques dans l'histoire des maladies dans l'Inde coloniale de la fin du 19 eme et du debut du 20 eme siecle. Il analyse l'impact duExpand
Gibraltar's 1804 yellow fever scourge: the search for scapegoats.
L'etiologie et la virulence de la fievre jaune a Gibraltar en 1804 sont decrites, en demontrant que les immigrants sont essentiellement les principaux responsables de l'epidemie
The rock of the Gibraltarians: a history of Gibraltar
  • Historical Review,
  • 1987
Response to cases in the report
  • CO 91/308. PRO. Duffield, J. M. (1872, August 31). Correspondence from the Acting Police Magistrate to Colonial, M. Bellairs.
  • 1869
Public visitors, human rights and hygiene: issues on prostitution in 19th century Gibraltar
  • 1999