Alexithymia, empathy, emotion identification and social inference in anorexia nervosa: A case-control study.

Abstract

Alexithymia, difficulties in facial emotion recognition, poor socio-relational skills are typical of anorexia nervosa (AN). We assessed patients with AN and healthy controls (HCs) with mixed stimuli: questionnaires (Toronto Alexithymia Scale-TAS, Interpersonal Reactivity Index-IRI), photographs (Facial Emotion Identification Test-FEIT) and dynamic images (The Awareness of Social Inference Test-TASIT). TAS and IRI Personal Distress (PD) were higher in AN than HCs. Few or no differences emerged at the FEIT and TASIT, respectively. Larger effect sizes were found for the TAS results. Despite higher levels of alexithymia, patients with AN seem to properly acknowledge others' emotions while being inhibited in the expression of their own.

DOI: 10.1016/j.eatbeh.2016.03.028

Cite this paper

@article{Gramaglia2016AlexithymiaEE, title={Alexithymia, empathy, emotion identification and social inference in anorexia nervosa: A case-control study.}, author={Carla Gramaglia and Francesca Ressico and Eleonora Gambaro and Anna Palazzolo and Massimiliano Mazzarino and Fabrizio Bert and Roberta Siliquini and Patrizia Zeppegno}, journal={Eating behaviors}, year={2016}, volume={22}, pages={46-50} }