Disguised Emotion in Alexithymia: Subjective Difficulties in Emotion Processing and Increased Empathic Distress
- PsychologyFrontiers in Psychiatry
In the multivariate analysis, highly alexithymic individuals appeared to report subjective deficits in emotion recognition and regulation as well as increased impulsivity; however, their empathy skills were intact, and even the proneness to experiencing empathic distress with others’ suffering was increased among aLexithymi individuals.
Social-specific impairment of negative emotion perception in alexithymia
- PsychologySocial cognitive and affective neuroscience
Electrophysiological evidence suggests altered deployment of attentional resources in the perception of social-specific emotional information in alexithymia, which supports the hypothesis of social processing being selectively affected by alexity, especially for stimuli with negative valence.
Prosocial behavior is associated with transdiagnostic markers of affective sensitivity in multiple domains.
Using a computational, transdiagnostic approach in two online studies, it is found that participants who reported being more affectively reactive across a broad cluster of traits manifested greater frequencies of prosocial actions in two different contexts.
Anterior insula lesions and alexithymia reduce the endorsements of everyday altruistic attitudes
Alexithymic But Not Autistic Traits Impair Prosocial Behavior
- Psychology, BiologyJournal of autism and developmental disorders
It is suggested that alexithymic rather than autistic traits impair prosocial behavior across the autism-spectrum.
The Role of Language in Alexithymia: Moving Towards a Multiroute Model of Alexithymia
- PsychologyEmotion Review
Alexithymia is characterized by difficulty identifying and describing one’s own emotion. Identifying and describing one’s emotion involves several cognitive processes, so alexithymia may result from…
- PsychologyThe Wiley Encyclopedia of Personality and Individual Differences
Humans are highly adept at differentiating, regulating, and responding to their emotions. At the core of all these functions is emotional awareness: the conscious feeling states that are central to…
Mixed emotions: the contribution of alexithymia to the emotional symptoms of autism
- PsychologyTranslational Psychiatry
It is argued that, where observed, emotional impairments are due to alexithymia—a condition that frequently co-occurs with autism—rather than a feature of autism per se, and has wide-reaching implications for the study of autism.
Assessing self-reported empathy and altruism in patients suffering from enduring borderline personality disorder
- PsychologyPsychiatry Research
SHOWING 1-10 OF 47 REFERENCES
Alexithymia and interpersonal problems.
- PsychologyJournal of clinical psychology
Linear regression analysis indicated that two interpersonal problems were significantly and reliably related to alexithymia: cold/distant and nonassertive social functioning.
Empathic brain responses in insula are modulated by levels of alexithymia but not autism
- PsychologyBrain : a journal of neurology
The findings suggest that empathy deficits observed in autism may be due to the large comorbidity between alexithymic traits and autism, rather than representing a necessary feature of the social impairments in autism.
Empathy and judging other's pain: an fMRI study of alexithymia.
- Psychology, BiologyCerebral cortex
The hypofunction in the DLPFC, brain stem, cerebellum, and ACC and the lower pain-rating and empathy-related scores in ALEX are related to cognitive impairments, particularly executive and regulatory aspects, of emotional processing and support the importance of self-awareness in empathy.
Feelings you can't imagine: towards a cognitive neuroscience of alexithymia
- PsychologyTrends in Cognitive Sciences
Clinical and neural correlates of alexithymia in posttraumatic stress disorder.
- Psychology, BiologyJournal of abnormal psychology
In this study, in a sample of 105 individuals with PTSD, clinical correlates of alexithymia included reexperiencing, hyperarousal, numbing, dissociative symptoms, and retrospectively reported experiences of childhood emotional neglect.
The prevalence of 'alexithymic' characteristics in psychosomatic patients.
- PsychologyPsychotherapy and psychosomatics
The question is raised whether these defects are due to biological or developmental factors, and the conclusion is reached that patients with these characteristics may not be good candidates for dynamic psychotherapy.
Neurocognitive models of aggression, the antisocial personality disorders, and psychopathy
- PsychologyJournal of neurology, neurosurgery, and psychiatry
Impairments in executive emotional systems are related to reactive aggression shown by patients with “acquired sociopathy” due to orbitofrontal cortex lesions and the capacity to form associations between emotional unconditioned stimuli, particularly distress cues, and conditioned stimuli.
A cognitive developmental approach to morality: investigating the psychopath
The neuronal basis of empathy and fairness.
- Psychology, BiologyNovartis Foundation symposium
Interestingly, the same brain regions are also involved in empathy for pain or disgust of others, and anterior insula cortex is suggested to subserve neural representations of feeling and bodily states in the self and may play a crucial role for the emergence of social emotions related to others.
The neural basis of empathy.
- PsychologyAnnual review of neuroscience
Empathy-related insular and cingulate activity may reflect domain-general computations representing and predicting feeling states in self and others, likely guiding adaptive homeostatic responses and goal-directed behavior in dynamic social contexts.