Alexithymia, Affective Disorders and Substance Abuse: Possible Cross-Relationships

@article{Giannini1996AlexithymiaAD,
  title={Alexithymia, Affective Disorders and Substance Abuse: Possible Cross-Relationships},
  author={A. James Giannini},
  journal={Psychological Reports},
  year={1996},
  volume={78},
  pages={1389 - 1390}
}
  • A. Giannini
  • Published 1 June 1996
  • Psychology
  • Psychological Reports
Alexithymia is a syndrome manifesting affective, cognitive, and perceptual social defects, which include diminished affective-interpretive abilities. These abilities have been observed to be decreased in opiate abuse, major depression, and premenstrual depressive disorder, but increased in cocaine abuse and manic states. Conditions associated with decreased affective-interpretive abilities are also associated with decreased central catecholamine levels. Conversely, conditions associated with… 
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References

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Alexithymia in Substance Abuse: Relationship to Depression
Recently Giannini reported that substance abusers were significantly higher alexithymic scorers than healthy volunteers but that the alexithymia scores correlated positively with scores of mood
Alexithymia, Affect Recognition, and Five Factors of Personality in Substance Abusers
TLDR
The substance abusers scored the same as the age- and sex-matched normal volunteers on recognizing posed facial expressions, but higher on the alexithymia scale, while on Neuroticism and Extraversion they had lower scores on Agreeableness.
Validation of the Toronto Alexithymia Scale with substance abusers.
TLDR
Results indicate that the TAS is a reliable, valid measure of alexithymia for substance abusers and the factor structure it found is congruent with the theoretical construct and is similar to those published in the normative studies.
Enhanced Interpretation of Nonverbal Cues in Male Cocaine Abusers
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The authors examined nonverbal reception in cocaine abusers and in an equal number of matched controls to find the cocaine abusers were found to be more accurate at interpreting nonverbal cues.
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TLDR
interpretive ability fluctuated during the menstrual cycle and was significantly impaired during the premenstrual phase, compared to age-matched controls.
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TLDR
Twenty-five affectively bipolar males were found to possess an enhanced ability to encode nonverbal cues when compared to matched controls during both manic and euthymic phases.
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ABSTRACT The ability to interpret nonverbal cues was tested in 15 young, white American male heroin addicts who were not intoxicated. When their responses were compared with those of age-matched
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Summary The ability to interpret nonverbal facial cues was tested in 21 young male, primary alcoholics and a group of matched controls. All Ss were asked to view videotapes of individuals gambling
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