Alexander Fleming, 1881-1955

@article{Colebrook1956AlexanderF1,
  title={Alexander Fleming, 1881-1955},
  author={Leonard Colebrook},
  journal={Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society},
  year={1956},
  pages={117 - 127}
}
  • L. Colebrook
  • Published 1 November 1956
  • Medicine
  • Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society
Alexander Fleming was the youngest of four children born to an Ayrshire farmer, Hugh Fleming, by his second wife Grace (née Morton) on 6 August 1881. His education, up to the age of twelve, was at the village school (Darvel) and, for a further two years, at the Kilmarnock Academy. At fourteen he joined his brothers in London, where he worked for a time as a clerk in a shipping office, and also attended some classes at the Regent Street Polytechnic. His eldest brother Thomas was already… Expand

Topics from this paper

Syphilis im Hamburg der Nachkriegszeit
Die Arbeit stellt die historische Entwicklung der Therapie, der Meldepflicht und der Gesetzgebung zum Thema Syphilis im Hamburg der Nachkriegszeit dar. Anhand dieser drei Themenbereiche wirdExpand
Theories in the Field of Community Psychology
In this article, we review some of the key attributes of useful theories and assess whether these attributes are present in several prominent Community Psychology theories. The field of CommunityExpand
Aryl Polyenes, a Highly Abundant Class of Bacterial Natural Products, Are Functionally Related to Antioxidative Carotenoids
TLDR
The structure elucidation of the aryl polyene/dialkylresorcinol hybrid pigments of Variovorax paradoxus B4 is reported and it is shown for the first time that this pigment class protects the bacterium from reactive oxygen species, similarly to what is known for carotenoids. Expand
Synthesis of polysubstituted 2-azetidinones via in situ generation of a vanillinyl ketene and electrocyclic reaction of the corresponding zwitterionic intermediate
Highly stereoselective synthesis of polyfunctionalized 2-azetidinones was achieved starting from vanillin as an available natural product. Our approach to these valuable heterocyclic scaffoldsExpand

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 21 REFERENCES
THE DISCOVERY of penicillin.
TLDR
The introduction of penicillin as the world’s first antibiotic was arguably the most important medical advance of the 20th century and the relative contributions of the three very different scientists who shared the prize will be addressed. Expand
Treatment of Pneumonia
At a meeting of the Edinburgh Obstetrical Society on May 11, with the president, Professor JAMES HENDRY, in the chair, Dr. T. N. MAcGREGOR read a paper on oestradiol benzoate therapy in senileExpand
On a Remarkable Bacteriolytic Element Found in Tissues and Secretions
TLDR
A substance present in the tissues and secretions of the body, which is capable of rapidly dissolving certain bacteria, is called a “Lysozyme,” and is alluded to as the Micrococcus lysodeikticus. Expand
Advances in Vaccine Therapy*
TLDR
In an address on recent advances in vaccine therapy it is permissible for a moment to consider the history of this form of treatment, and to congratulate ourselves that in many types of infection a great measure of relief can be given to patients by the intelligent use of vaccines. Expand
Further Observations on a Bacteriolytic Element Found in Tissues and Secretions
In a previous communication one of us* (A. F.) described an anti-bacterial substance (lysozyme) normally present in the tissues and secretions of the body. Further experiments have been done inExpand
Further observations on the motility of proteus vulgaris grown on penicillin agar.
  • A. Fleming
  • Biology, Medicine
  • Journal of general microbiology
  • 1950
SUMMARY: The movement of the enormously enlarged filaments of Proteus vulgaris grown on penicillin agar ceased, or was slowed down, by screening the culture from the radiant heat of a microscopeExpand
A Comparison of the Activities of Antiseptics on Bacteria and on Leucocytes
Many experiments have indicated that the chemical antiseptics in common use, in addition to combining with the bacterial protoplasm and so producing death of the bacterium, will also enter intoExpand
Twentieth-century changes in the treatment of septic infections.
  • A. Fleming
  • Medicine
  • The New England journal of medicine
  • 1953
TLDR
A mobile phone app may be a viable method to monitor the progress of fermentation in the laboratory and provide real-time information about the activity of the immune system through the natural process of fermentation. Expand
Syringe Needles and Mass Inoculation Technique
Much attention has been paid to the sterilization of syringes and needles for mass inoculation, as there have been occasions when carelessness or faulty methods have resulted in serious transfer ofExpand
...
1
2
3
...