Alert distance as an alternative measure of bird tolerance to human disturbance: implications for park design

  title={Alert distance as an alternative measure of bird tolerance to human disturbance: implications for park design},
  author={Esteban Fern{\'a}ndez-Juricic and Mar{\'i}a Dolores Jim{\'e}nez and Elena Lucas},
  journal={Environmental Conservation},
  pages={263 - 269}
Animal tolerance to human approaches may be used to establish buffers for wildlife that can minimize the probability that animals will be disturbed by human activity. Alert distance (the distance between an animal and an approaching human at which point the animal begins to exhibit alert behaviours to the human) has been proposed as an indicator of tolerance mainly for waterbirds; however, little is known about its utility for other bird species. The factors that influenced alert distances of… 
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