Alcoholic intoxication and memory storage dynamics

@article{Wickelgren1975AlcoholicIA,
  title={Alcoholic intoxication and memory storage dynamics},
  author={W. A. Wickelgren},
  journal={Memory \& Cognition},
  year={1975},
  volume={3},
  pages={385-389}
}
Strength retention functions were obtained for English words from 2 min to 50 min within a continuous recognition memory session and from I to 14 days subsequent to the session, with subjects being sober or moderately intoxicated. A small, but significant, decrement was obtained in memory performance under alcoholic intoxication. However, there was no difference in forgetting rate either within the continuous session or over the subsequent 1- to 14-day period. Single-trace fragility theory… Expand
Alcohol and Memory: Storage and State Dependency.
Abstract The effects of acute alcohol intoxication on the storage phase of memory were evaluated with two tasks that minimized response retrieval: unpaced paired-associate learning with highlyExpand
Intact retention in acute alcohol amnesia.
TLDR
The results of the free-recall and identification tasks are similar to findings with chronic amnesic patients and suggest that perceptual fluency is not affected by alcohol, whereas elaborative processes supporting recall are particularly sensitive to disruption during intoxication. Expand
Effect of alcohol on rate of forgetting
TLDR
An interaction between the effects of alcohol and of delay on recognition accuracy indicates that the impairment of memory with alcohol can be at least partly attributed to faster forgetting. Expand
Effect of alcohol on recall and recognition as functions of processing levels.
TLDR
The results offer no support for the view that the verbal-retention deficits associated with alcohol intoxication are related either to the spontaneous failure to undertake deep semantic processing or to the inability to do so. Expand
Alcohol-induced state-dependent learning: Differentiating stimulus and storage hypotheses
State-dependent effects of alcohol have been demonstrated in animals and man. Most studies have used tasks for which accurate performance typically requires that stimulus input was adequately storedExpand
Effects of alcohol on the storage and retrieval processes of heavy social drinkers.
TLDR
In both studies, intoxication produced a performance deficit, but retention loss on Day 2 was the same for change- and constant-state subjects, and Expectation had no effect on performance. Expand
Alcohol and storage deficits: Kind of processing?
Three experiments were performed to test an explanation of alcohol-induced storage deficits that was based on the proposition that alcohol intoxication affects the kind of information-processingExpand
Acute alcohol effects on repetition priming and word recognition memory with equivalent memory cues
TLDR
Alcohol and the FOC manipulation affected recollection-based memory processing, but not repetition priming, supported alcohol's dissociative effects on memory systems. Expand
The alcohol facilitation effect on memory: A dose-response study
TLDR
It is suggested that a particular phase of the rising blood alcohol curve (0.02–0.03 g/100 ml) facilitates trace consolidation and the facilitating and possibly excitatory effects of alcohol may be important for understanding the rewarding aspects of drinking. Expand
Incidental orienting tasks and the recall performance of acutely intoxicated subjects.
An incidental-learning paradigm employing a semantic and phonetic orienting task was used to determine whether poor recall performance by intoxicated subjects is due to a storage deficit resultingExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 19 REFERENCES
Alcohol and memory: amnesia and short-term memory function during experimentally induced intoxication.
TLDR
This study represents the first attempt to examine the alcoholic blackout during a sustained period of experimental intoxication among male alcoholics with histories of blackouts with significantly and progressively impaired short-term memory with increasing levels of intoxication. Expand
Short-Term Memory Function in Alcohol Addicts During Intoxication
TLDR
Degree of intoxication does not reliably predict the onset of the profound memory loss described as the alcoholic blackout and comparable reports of hours or days of amnesia are a less prominent feature of heroin and barbiturate intoxication. Expand
Alcohol and Recall: State-Dependent Effects in Man
TLDR
Alcohol appears to produce "dissociated" or state-dependent effects in man, but not all forms of memory are equally sensitive to the phenomenon. Expand
State-Dependent Learning Produced by Alcohol and Its Relevance to Alcoholism
A behavior learned while an animal is drugged sometimes fails to appear during subsequent nondrug test trials, although it appears reliably whenever the drug is readministered. Conversely, if theExpand
Effects of Thiopental Sedation on Learning and Memory
TLDR
Testing the subjects for recognition memory of pictures and recall of associated pairs of letters and words found that the subsequent memory loss was correlated with the concentration of thiopental in the venous blood at the time the material was learned. Expand
Loss of Short Term Memory as a Predictor of the Alcoholic “Blackout”
TLDR
Memory must be observed systematically during drinking periods followed by amnesia, which heretofore has not been done, to confirm that the amnesia is retrograde. Expand
Single-trace fragility theory of memory dynamics
TLDR
Data are presented to indicate that interference is independent of the interval between original and interpolated learning, that nonassociative recency discriminability approaches a limit at about 30 min, and that the decay rate of long-term retention in amnesic patients is the same as in normal Ss. Expand
Strength models and serial position in short-term recognition memory ☆
Abstract A number of continuous strength models for memory are developed for and tested by an experimental study of recognition memory for three-digit numbers at all serial positions in lists ofExpand
Trace resistance and the decay of long-term memory.
Abstract A theory of storage in long-term memory is described which characterizes the trace by two properties: strength and resistance. The theory makes four assumptions: (a) The rate of decay ofExpand
Effects of stimulus complexity and induced arousal on paired-associate learning
Three experiments on paired-associate learning were carried out, with disyllabic male first names as response terms. Exps. I and II, in which visual patterns served as stimulus terms, showedExpand
...
1
2
...