Alcohol hangover: a critical review of explanatory factors

@article{Prat2009AlcoholHA,
  title={Alcohol hangover: a critical review of explanatory factors},
  author={Gemma Prat and Ana Adan and Miquel S{\'a}nchez-Turet},
  journal={Human Psychopharmacology: Clinical and Experimental},
  year={2009},
  volume={24}
}
To describe the hangover phenomenon and briefly review its main explanatory factors. 
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An event-level investigation of hangovers' relationship to age and drinking.
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Does hangover influence the time to next drink? An investigation using ecological momentary assessment.
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The findings suggest that hangover has, at best, a modest or inconsistent influence on the timing of subsequent alcohol use among frequent drinkers.
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References

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Alcohol hangover: mechanisms and mediators.
TLDR
Evidence is produced that alcohol can directly promote hangover symptoms through its effects on urine production, the gastrointestinal tract, blood sugar concentrations, sleep patterns, and biological rhythms, and that effects related to alcohol's absence after a drinking bout also contribute to the hangover condition.
Signs and symptoms of hangover: prevalence and relationship to alcohol use in a general adult population.
TLDR
The findings suggest that the aversive aspects of alcohol consumption, including the hangover syndrome, may deter excessive consumption; certain individuals in whom aversive reactions as hangover do not occur may be at high risk for excessive alcohol use.
Personality risk for alcoholism covaries with hangover symptoms.
TLDR
Individuals at elevated personality risk for alcoholism apparently experience more acute withdrawal and hangover, which may initiate further drinking to relieve these aversive symptoms.
Familial risk for alcoholism and hangover symptoms.
TLDR
This study sought to replicate work and examine the relation between personality risk for alcoholism and hangover and revealed main effects for familial risk for both hangover questionnaires.
Sons of alcoholics report greater hangover symptoms than sons of nonalcoholics: a pilot study.
We investigated alcohol-induced hangovers among college men at high and low risk for alcoholism. Thirteen sons of alcoholics reported significantly (p less than 0.001) greater hangover symptoms in
A review of the literature on the cognitive effects of alcohol hangover.
TLDR
Although there is empirical evidence showing impaired performance as a result of the alcohol hangover, future studies should confirm these findings and overcome the shortcomings of previous research.
Hangover moderates the association between personality and drinking problems.
TLDR
Hangover did not appear to mediate the relation, suggesting that the link between personality and drinking problems does not stem from an indirect effect via hangover, but Hangover did appear to moderate the relation.
Psychosocial factors, alcohol use, and hangover signs among social drinkers: a reappraisal.
TLDR
It was found that psychosocial variables contributed independently in predicting to hangover for both men and women in this order: (1) guilt about drinking; (2) neuroticism; (3) angry or (4) depressed when high/drunk and (5) negative life events.
Hangover frequency and risk for alcohol use disorders: evidence from a longitudinal high-risk study.
TLDR
There is a need for further research and theory on the role of hangover in the etiology of drinking problems, and several nonhangover drinking symptoms failed to predict later diagnoses.
Alcohol Hangover
TLDR
Evidence is produced that alcohol can directly promote hangover symptoms through its effects on urine production, the gastrointestinal tract, blood sugar concentrations, sleep patterns, and biological rhythms, and that effects related to alcohol’s absence after a drinking bout also contribute to the hangover condition.
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