Alcohol drinking and cigarette smoking: a "partner" for gastric ulceration.

  title={Alcohol drinking and cigarette smoking: a "partner" for gastric ulceration.},
  author={Joshua Ka-shun Ko and Chi-hin Cho},
  journal={Zhonghua yi xue za zhi = Chinese medical journal; Free China ed},
  volume={63 12},
Alcohol consumption and cigarette smoking are two etiologic factors that have a close relationship with peptic ulcer diseases. Chronic active gastritis is reportedly associated with chronic alcohol ingestion. Nonetheless, the inflammatory changes are likely to be related to concurrent Helicobacter pylori infection that is common among alcoholics. Moreover, chronic alcoholism is also correlated with the presence of gastric metaplasia. Both clinically and experimentally, alcohol had been shown to… CONTINUE READING


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