Alcohol dehydrogenase 3 genotype and risk of oral cavity and pharyngeal cancers.

BACKGROUND The consumption of alcoholic beverages is a strong risk factor for cancers of the oral cavity and pharynx (oral cancers). Alcohol dehydrogenase type 3 (ADH3) metabolizes ethanol to acetaldehyde, a carcinogen. We evaluated whether individuals homozygous for the fast-metabolizing ADH3(1) allele (ADH3[1-1]) have a greater risk of developing oral… CONTINUE READING