Alcohol and tobacco co-use in nondaily smokers: an inevitable phenomenon?


INTRODUCTION AND AIMS Alcohol use has consistently been associated with smoking among nondaily smokers. However, this may not be an inevitable relationship that extends across all drinking sessions and/or all nondaily smokers. Recently, distinct subgroups of nondaily smokers have been identified, with one subgroup maintaining a stable pattern of nondaily smoking (long-term occasional smokers; LOS), and others transitioning to nondaily smoking either from a non-smoking status (early occasional smokers; EOS) or from a daily smoking status (former daily smokers; FDS). However, little is known about the extent to which these subgroups differ in their alcohol-tobacco co-administration patterns. DESIGN AND METHODS 183 nondaily smokers (74 LOS; 55 EOS; 54 FDS) completed face-to-face interviews during which they provided details about their lifetime and past-week tobacco and alcohol administration patterns. RESULTS EOS were more likely to report having used alcohol at the time of their first-ever cigarette relative to the other subgroups (P ≤ 0.001), but there were no differences in past-week co-administration patterns between the subgroups. Overall, less than one-third of all smoking sessions occurred when drinking, but these accounted for more than half of all cigarettes consumed during the previous week. Moreover, while only 42% of drinking sessions involved tobacco co-administration, when drinking and smoking did co-occur, significantly greater amounts of alcohol were consumed relative to drinking sessions where no tobacco was used (P < 0.01). DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSIONS Findings suggest that alcohol use is not invariably related to smoking in EOS, FDS or LOS, but when it is, across all subgroups co-administration is associated with mutual dose escalation.

DOI: 10.1111/j.1465-3362.2011.00328.x

Cite this paper

@article{Campbell2012AlcoholAT, title={Alcohol and tobacco co-use in nondaily smokers: an inevitable phenomenon?}, author={Mallory L Campbell and Lyndsay J Bozec and Daniel S McGrath and Sean Patrick Barrett}, journal={Drug and alcohol review}, year={2012}, volume={31 4}, pages={447-50} }