Alcohol and the upper gastrointestinal tract and pancreas.


Alcohol relaxes the lower esophageal sphincter, stimulates acid secretion, and reduces the gastric mucosal barrier to hydrogen ion back-diffusion. These actions may result in esophagitis, acute gastritis, and ulcer formation. Although excessive alcohol consumption commonly produces acute and chronic pancreatitis, and pathogenesis is unclear. 


Cite this paper

@article{Briggs1977AlcoholAT, title={Alcohol and the upper gastrointestinal tract and pancreas.}, author={Rob Briggs and Thomas R. Liebermann and Wesley Dyck}, journal={Postgraduate medicine}, year={1977}, volume={61 5}, pages={176-9} }