Alcohol and smoking behavior in chronic pain patients: the role of opioids.

@article{Ekholm2009AlcoholAS,
  title={Alcohol and smoking behavior in chronic pain patients: the role of opioids.},
  author={Ola Ekholm and Morten Nergaard Gr\onbaek and Vera Peuckmann and Per Sj\ogren},
  journal={European journal of pain},
  year={2009},
  volume={13 6},
  pages={606-12}
}
The primary aim of this epidemiological study was to investigate associations between chronic non-cancer pain with or without opioid treatment and the alcohol and smoking behavior. The secondary aims were to investigate self-reported quality of life, sleeping problems, oral health and the use of different health care providers. The Danish health survey of 2005 was based on a region-stratified random sample of 10.916 individuals. Data were collected via personal interviews and self-administrated… CONTINUE READING

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