Alcoholic beverage consumption in India, Mexico, and Nigeria: a cross-cultural comparison.
By systematic sampling of households after two stage proportionate random sampling of villages, a total of 4670 persons above 15 years of age were selected from the rural areas of Ajmer district in Rajasthan, India, to estimate the prevalence rate of alcohol abuse and to study its socio-demographic correlates (Part I) and the pattern and characteristics of use (Part II, submitted). The data on these aspects were collected through pre-tested questionnaires. The results showed that prevalence of alcohol abuse in the sample was 24.7% (36.1% for males and 13.4% for females) and the percentage of dependents was 3%. Relative risk of alcohol abuse in males was 3.64 with respect to females. Alcohol abuse was found to be significantly associated with religion (higher in Hindus with a relative risk of 8.65 in males and 5.21 in females), marital status (higher in married with a relative risk of 2.51 in males), age (higher in age group more than 20 years with a relative risk of 2.50 in males and 1.63 in females), family structure (higher in nuclear or joint families with a relative risk of 2.88 in males), educational status (higher in illiterates with a relative risk of 1.53 in males) and occupational status (higher in those engaged in agriculture with a relative risk of 1.43 in males and 1.80 in females). It was not significantly associated with per-capita income. These results have been compared with those in similar studies in the country and the possible reasons for differences, if any, have been discussed.