Alcohol Consumption: An Overview of Benefits and Risks

  title={Alcohol Consumption: An Overview of Benefits and Risks},
  author={John B. Standridge and Robert G. Zylstra and Stephen M. Adams},
  journal={Southern Medical Journal},
Published health benefits of regular light-to-moderate alcohol consumption include lower myocardial infarction rates, reduced heart failure rates, reduced risk of ischemic stroke, lower risk for dementia, decreased risk of diabetes and reduced risk of osteoporosis. Numerous complimentary biochemical changes have been identified that explain the beneficial effects of moderate alcohol consumption. Heavy alcohol consumption, however, can negatively affect neurologic, cardiac, gastrointestinal… 

Cardiovascular risk factors: can long-term alcohol withdrawal benefit heavy drinkers?

The combination of the beneficial and adverse effects of alcohol consumption has been consistently shown in most studies to result in Jor U-shaped curves that express the relationship between mortality or cardiovascular events in humans and the consumption of alcoholic beverages.

Alcohol and Pathophysiology

This chapter outlines the pathogenic mechanism and clinical condition of alcohol-related disorders in each organ system and alcohol biomarkers useful for diagnosis.

Alcohol Consumption and Health Status In Older Middle-aged And Elderly Persons: Findings From A Longitudinal National Population Health Survey Yia-ln

It is suggested that light-to-moderate alcohol consumption confers some health benefits in older adults and among survivors, alcohol consumption showed no consistent relationship with increases in psychological distress.

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Previous heavy alcoholism, in spite of long-term withdrawal, is associated with endothelial dysfunction and a wide cluster of haemodynamic, vascular and metabolic abnormalities that indicate an unfavourable cardiovascular and metabolic risk profile even in apparently disease-free former alcoholics.

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Alcohol Consumption and Health Status in Very Old Veterans

The results suggest many very old veterans abstain from alcohol and, among men, the associations between health status and drinking observed in younger groups may not be present in very old age.

Can nurses stem the rising tide of alcohol abuse?

The campaign report reveals that in excess of 9 million drinkers, in England alone, are potentially damaging their health by disregarding current recommended alcohol-consumption guidelines.

Strengths and Limitations of Animal Models of Alcohol Intake

The relationship between preclinical and human studies is of paramount importance to understand addiction-related behavior in humans and to direct, improve, and expand animal models to have translational benefits for the development of behavioral and pharmacological therapies.

Posttraumatic stress disorder, alcohol use, and physical health concerns

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Balancing the Risks and Benefits of Moderate Drinking

  • R. Ellison
  • Medicine
    Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
  • 2002
Middle‐aged or older men and post‐menopausal women with no contraindications to alcohol use should be informed that they have, on average, net health benefits from the regular consumption of small‐to‐moderate amounts of alcohol.

[Is drinking alcohol good for your health?].

The accumulating scientific evidence shows that a daily consumption of less than 30 grams of alcohol for men and less than 15 grams for women is compatible with the above goal and is not associated with health risks; for most individuals it is appropriate to recommend mild to moderate alcohol consumption as part of a healthy life style for the prevention of cardiovascular disease.

The Health Effects of Moderate Alcohol Intake in Humans: An Epidemiologic Review

No beneficial effect of moderate drinking on mortality has been demonstrated in young adults (premenopausal women and men who have not reached their forties), and it is theoretically possible that moderate drinking in young adulthood might reduce the risk of later heart disease; however, this has not been clearly demonstrated.

Alcohol Consumption and Risk for Congestive Heart Failure in the Framingham Heart Study

The relation of alcohol consumption to the risk for congestive heart failure is probably complex, reflecting the interplay of its coronary protective effects and its myocardial toxic effects.

Moderate alcohol consumption and risk of heart failure among older persons.

increasing levels of moderate alcohol consumption are associated with a decreasing risk of heart failure among older persons, independent of a number of confounding factors and does not appear to be entirely mediated by a reduction in MI risk.

Alcohol consumption and risk of coronary heart disease by diabetes status.

It is suggested that light to moderate alcohol consumption is associated with similar risk reductions in CHD among diabetic and nondiabetic men.

Moderate alcohol consumption and risk of coronary heart disease among women with type 2 diabetes mellitus.

It is suggested that moderate alcohol consumption is associated with reduced CHD risk in women with diabetes and should not be routinely discouraged.

Alcohol consumption and the incidence of type II diabetes

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