Alcohol, cancer, and immunomodulation.

  title={Alcohol, cancer, and immunomodulation.},
  author={S. Mufti and H R Darban and Ronald Watson},
  journal={Critical reviews in oncology/hematology},
  volume={9 3},
There is a great deal of epidemiological evidence indicating that chronic, excessive alcohol consumption is a major risk factor for cancers in humans. However, the experimental basis for the increased cancer risk associated with alcohol intake is not clear. Since it appears that ethanol alone is not carcinogenic, ethanol effects must be explained in terms of its modifying the actions of other causal agents. Current studies indicate that ethanol and its congeners may act as tumor promoters… CONTINUE READING