Alcanivorax borkumensis gen. nov., sp. nov., a new, hydrocarbon-degrading and surfactant-producing marine bacterium.

@article{Yakimov1998AlcanivoraxBG,
  title={Alcanivorax borkumensis gen. nov., sp. nov., a new, hydrocarbon-degrading and surfactant-producing marine bacterium.},
  author={Michail M. Yakimov and Peter N. Golyshin and S E Lang and Edward R. B. Moore and Wolf-Rainer Abraham and Heinrich Lünsdorf and Kenneth N. Timmis},
  journal={International journal of systematic bacteriology},
  year={1998},
  volume={48 Pt 2},
  pages={
          339-48
        }
}
During screening for biosurfactant-producing, n-alkane-degrading marine bacteria, six heterotrophic bacterial strains were isolated from enriched mixed cultures, obtained from sea water/sediment samples collected near the isle of Borkum (North Sea), using Mihagol-S (C14,15-n-alkanes) as principal carbon source. These Gram-negative, aerobic, rod-shaped bacteria use a limited number of organic compounds, including aliphatic hydrocarbons, volatile fatty acids, and pyruvate and its methyl ether… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

Alcanivorax dieselolei sp. nov., a novel alkane-degrading bacterium isolated from sea water and deep-sea sediment.

  • Chenli LiuZ. Shao
  • Biology
    International journal of systematic and evolutionary microbiology
  • 2005
Results of physiological and biochemical tests, DNA-DNA hybridization, comparisons of 16S-23S internal transcribed spacer sequences and comparisons of the partial deduced amino acid sequence of alkane hydroxylase showed that both strains were affiliated to the genus Alcanivorax but were differentiated from recognized Alcanvorax species.

Oleibacter marinus gen. nov., sp. nov., a bacterium that degrades petroleum aliphatic hydrocarbons in a tropical marine environment.

Three Gram-negative, motile, mesophilic, aerobic, rod-shaped bacterial strains isolate from Indonesian seawater exhibited high n-alkane-degrading activity, which indicated that the strains were important degraders of petroleum aliphatic hydrocarbons in tropical marine environments.

Thalassolituus oleivorans gen. nov., sp. nov., a novel marine bacterium that obligately utilizes hydrocarbons.

16S rRNA gene sequence analysis revealed that this isolate represents a distinct phyletic lineage within the gamma-Proteobacteria and has about 94.4% sequence similarity to Oceanobacter kriegii (the closest bacterial species with a validly published name).

Alcanivorax mobilis sp. nov., a new hydrocarbon-degrading bacterium isolated from deep-sea sediment.

The combined genotypic and phenotypic data showed that strain MT13131T represents a novel species within the genus Alcanivorax, for which the name Alcanvorax mobilis sp.

Reinekea marinisedimentorum gen. nov., sp. nov., a novel gammaproteobacterium from marine coastal sediments.

Together phylogenetic and physiological data show that the new marine sediment isolate, KMM 3655(T), represents a novel genus and species, for which the name Reinekea marinisedimentorum gen. nov., sp.

Ketobacter alkanivorans gen. nov., sp. nov., an n-alkane-degrading bacterium isolated from seawater.

Strain GI5T represents a novel species of a novel genus of the family Alcanivoracaceae, for which the name Ketobacter alkanivorans gen. nov., sp.

Oleispira antarctica gen. nov., sp. nov., a novel hydrocarbonoclastic marine bacterium isolated from Antarctic coastal sea water.

A novel genus and species within the gamma-Proteobacteria are proposed, Oleispira antarctica gen. nov., sp.

Alcalilimnicola halodurans gen. nov., sp. nov., an alkaliphilic, moderately halophilic and extremely halotolerant bacterium, isolated from sediments of soda-depositing Lake Natron, East Africa Rift Valley.

An alkaliphilic, halotolerant, Gram-negative, heterotrophic, aerobic and rod-shaped organism was isolated from drying soda and at a water-covered site of Lake Natron, Tanzania, by means of the

Pleionea mediterranea gen. nov., sp. nov., a gammaproteobacterium isolated from coastal seawater.

It is proposed that strain MOLA115(T) should be considered to represent a novel species in a new genus, for which the name Pleionea mediterranea gen. nov., sp.

Alcanivorax hongdengensis sp. nov., an alkane-degrading bacterium isolated from surface seawater of the straits of Malacca and Singapore, producing a lipopeptide as its biosurfactant.

A taxonomic study was carried out on strain A-11-3(T), which was isolated from an oil-enriched consortia from the surface seawater of Hong-Deng dock in the Straits of Malacca and Singapore, and represents a novel species of the genus Alcanivorax.
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 24 REFERENCES

Microbulbifer hydrolyticus gen. nov., sp. nov., and Marinobacterium georgiense gen. nov., sp. nov., two marine bacteria from a lignin-rich pulp mill waste enrichment community.

Two new genera and species are proposed: Microbulbifer hydrolyticus, with type strain IRE-31 (= ATCC 700072), and Marinobacterium georgiense, withtype strain KW-40 (= AtCC 700074).

Marine Biosurfactants, I. Screening for Biosurfactants among Crude Oil Degrading Marine Microorganisms from the North Sea

Three bacterial strains of marine origin isolated during a screening for biosurfactants among n-alkane degrading microorganisms showed good interfacial and emulsifying properties and produced a novel glucose lipid.

Marine Biosurfactants, III. Toxicity Testing with Marine Microorganisms and Comparison with Synthetic Surfactants

Eight synthetic and nine biogenetic surfactants were tested on their toxicity because of their possible application as oil dispersants against oil slicks on sea, and a ranking shows that most biogenetics surfactant were less toxic than synthetic surfACTants.

Interaction of Mg-2+ with peptidoglycan and its relation to the prevention of lysis of a marine pseudomonad

The results obtained indicate that the capacity of Mg-2+ salts at very low concentration to prevent lysis of intact cells and mureinoplasts of this organism is due primarily to the interaction of Mm-2- with the peptidoglycan layer of the cell wall.

A quantitative map of nucleotide substitution rates in bacterial rRNA.

Spectra of evolutionary rates were calculated for each rRNA and show the fastest evolving sites substituting at rates more than 1000 times that of the slowest ones.

Precise Measurement of the G+C Content of Deoxyribonucleic Acid by High-Performance Liquid Chromatography

High-performance liquid chromatography is a promising alternative for determining the G+C content of bacterial deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) and may also be more accurate than indirect methods, such as the buoyant density and thermal denaturation methods.

A rapid method of total lipid extraction and purification.

The lipid decomposition studies in frozen fish have led to the development of a simple and rapid method for the extraction and purification of lipids from biological materials that has been applied to fish muscle and may easily be adapted to use with other tissues.