Albedo enhancement of marine clouds to counteract global warming: impacts on the hydrological cycle

  title={Albedo enhancement of marine clouds to counteract global warming: impacts on the hydrological cycle},
  author={Govindasamy Bala and Ken Caldeira and Ramakrishna R. Nemani and Long Cao and George A. Ban-Weiss and Ho-Jeong Shin},
  journal={Climate Dynamics},
Recent studies have shown that changes in solar radiation affect the hydrological cycle more strongly than equivalent CO2 changes for the same change in global mean surface temperature. Thus, solar radiation management “geoengineering” proposals to completely offset global mean temperature increases by reducing the amount of absorbed sunlight might be expected to slow the global water cycle and reduce runoff over land. However, proposed countering of global warming by increasing the albedo of… 
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Fossil fuel burning releases about 25 Pg of CO2 per year into the atmosphere, which leads to global warming (Prentice et al., 2001). However, it also emits 55 Tg S as SO2 per year (Stern, 2005),
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The land/sea warming contrast is a phenomenon of both equilibrium and transient simulations of climate change: large areas of the land surface at most latitudes undergo temperature changes whose
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To counteract anthropogenic climate change, several schemes have been proposed to diminish solar radiation incident on Earth's surface. These geoengineering schemes could reverse global annual mean
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Climate model simulations consistently show that in response to greenhouse gas forcing surface temperatures over land increase more rapidly than over sea. The enhanced warming over land is not simply