Airway and tissue constrictions are greater in closed than in open-chest conditions.


We measured lung impedance (ZL) before and after four doses of methacholine (Mch) infusion in five intact chest (with esophageal balloon) and six open-chest dogs from 0.2 to 8 Hz with an optimal ventilator waveform. From ZL, we estimated airway resistance (R(aw)) and inertance (Iaw) and tissue viscance (GL) and elastance (HL). Two-way analysis of variance… (More)


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