Airborne Studies of the Smoke from the Kuwait Oil Fires

@article{Hobbs1992AirborneSO,
  title={Airborne Studies of the Smoke from the Kuwait Oil Fires},
  author={Peter V. Hobbs and Lawrence F. Radke},
  journal={Science},
  year={1992},
  volume={256},
  pages={987 - 991}
}
Airborne studies of smoke from the Kuwait oil fires were carried out in the spring of 1991 when ∼4.6 million barrels of oil were burning per day. Emissions of sulfur dioxide were ∼57% of that from electric utilities in the United States; emissions of carbon dioxide were ∼2% of global emissions; emissions of soot were ∼3400 metric tons per day. The smoke absorbed ∼75 to 80% of the sun's radiation in regions of the Persian Gulf. However, the smoke probably had insignificant global effects because… 

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Hydroxyl radical concentrations and Kuwait oil fire emission rates for March 1991

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Emission factors for particles, elemental carbon, and trace gases from the Kuwait oil fires

Emission factors are presented for particles, elemental carbon (i.e., soot), total organic carbon in particles and vapor, and for various trace gases from the 1991 Kuwait oil fires. Particle
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