Air Pollution from Livestock Farms Is Associated with Airway Obstruction in Neighboring Residents

@article{Borle2017AirPF,
  title={Air Pollution from Livestock Farms Is Associated with Airway Obstruction in Neighboring Residents},
  author={Floor Borl{\'e}e and Joris C. Yzermans and Bernadette Aalders and Jos M. Rooijackers and Esmeralda J.M. Krop and Catharina B. M. Maassen and François G. Schellevis and Bert Brunekreef and Dick J.J. Heederik and Lidwien A. M. Smit},
  journal={American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine},
  year={2017},
  volume={196},
  pages={1152–1161}
}
  • F. Borlée, J. Yzermans, L. Smit
  • Published 1 November 2017
  • Environmental Science
  • American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
Rationale: Livestock farm emissions may not only affect respiratory health of farmers but also of neighboring residents. Objectives: To explore associations between spatial and temporal variation in pollutant emissions from livestock farms and lung function in a general, nonfarming, rural population in the Netherlands. Methods: We conducted a cross‐sectional study in 2,308 adults (age, 20‐72 yr). A pulmonary function test was performed measuring prebronchodilator and post‐bronchodilator FEV1… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

Air pollution from livestock farms is associated with airway obstruction in neighboring residents
Rationale: Livestock farm emissions may not only affect respiratory health of farmers but also of neighboring residents. Objectives: To explore associations between both spatial and temporal
Residential proximity to livestock farms is associated with a lower prevalence of atopy
TLDR
Evidence is provided that protective effects of early-life and adult farm exposures may extend beyond farming populations to people living in rural areas and living in close proximity to livestock farms seems to protect against atopy.
High-density poultry operations and community-acquired pneumonia in Pennsylvania
TLDR
Findings suggest that living in closer proximity to more and larger poultry operations may increase risk of CAP, contributing to growing concern regarding public health impacts of industrial food animal production.
Insights into Livestock-Related Microbial Concentrations in Air at Residential Level in a Livestock Dense Area
TLDR
Identified associations suggest contribution of livestock farms to microbial air pollution in general and attribution differences between farm types and supports the plausibility of recent studies showing health effects in relation to residential proximity to farms.
Associations between pneumonia and residential distance to livestock farms over a five-year period in a large population-based study
TLDR
An association between increased risk for pneumonia and proximity to (dairy) goat farms is found consistently across all years from 2009 to 2013, and no consistent associations were found for any of the other farm types considered, nor for the other health effects considered.
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 45 REFERENCES
Air pollution from livestock farms, and asthma, allergic rhinitis and COPD among neighbouring residents
TLDR
Investigation of associations between indicators of air pollution from livestock farms and asthma, allergic rhinitis and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) among neighbouring residents found indicators of pollution were inversely associated with respiratory morbidity among neighbouringResidents.
'Hotspots' of livestock farms may influence lung function of neighboring residents
TLDR
The results suggest a negative effect on respiratory health for people living in 9hotspots9 of livestock farms, possibly due to dust or endotoxin exposure.
Increased respiratory symptoms in COPD patients living in the vicinity of livestock farms
TLDR
The data suggest a protective effect of livestock farm emissions on the respiratory health of residents, and COPD patients living near livestock farms reported more respiratory symptoms, suggesting an increased risk of exacerbations.
Air Pollution, Lung Function, and Physical Symptoms in Communities Near Concentrated Swine Feeding Operations
TLDR
Pollutants measured near hog operations are related to acute physical symptoms in a longitudinal study using analyses that preclude confounding by time-invariant characteristics of individuals.
Ambient Ammonia Exposures in an Agricultural Community and Pediatric Asthma Morbidity
TLDR
Ammonia’s association with acute lung function decrements in children with asthma in the surrounding community may be causal or, alternatively, ammonia may be a marker for other pollutants from animal feeding operations associated with respiratory effects.
Regional PM2.5 and asthma morbidity in an agricultural community: a panel study.
Environmental Exposure to Confined Animal Feeding Operations and Respiratory Health of Neighboring Residents
TLDR
The number of animal houses was a predictor of self-reported wheeze and decreased forced expiratory volume in 1 second, but not allergic rhinitis or specific sensitization, which may contribute to the burden of respiratory disease among their neighbors.
Effects on Pulmonary Health of Neighboring Residents of Concentrated Animal Feeding Operations: Exposure Assessed Using Optimized Estimation Technique
TLDR
Higher exposed participants were more likely to be sensitized against ubiquitous allergens as compared to lower exposed subjects and showed a significantly lower forced expiratory volume in 1 second.
[Associations between bioaerosols coming from livestock facilities and asthmatic symptoms in children].
TLDR
Among the overall analysed potential associations between exposition to bioaerosols and asthmatic and allergic symptoms only a few were statistically significant and the discussed association between endotoxin andAsthmatic symptoms in predisposed children needs further investigation.
...
1
2
3
4
5
...