Air-Abrasive Disinfection of Implant Surfaces in a Simulated Model of Periimplantitis

  title={Air-Abrasive Disinfection of Implant Surfaces in a Simulated Model of Periimplantitis},
  author={David George Quintero and Robert Bonnie Taylor and Matthew Braden Miller and Keith Roshanali Merchant and Scott Anthony Pasieta},
  journal={Implant Dentistry},
Introduction: This in vitro study aimed to evaluate the ability of air-powder abrasion to decontaminate dental implants. Materials and Methods: Twenty-six implants were inoculated with a Streptococcus sanguinis biofilm media in a novel periimplantitis defect model. Six implants served as controls, and 20 implants were disinfected with either the Cavitron JET Plus or the AIR-FLOW PERIO air-powder abrasion units. Residual bacteria were cultured, and colony forming units (CFUs) were totaled at 24… 

Dental Implants Surface in vitro Decontamination Protocols

Proposed protocols, using air-powder abrasive system with sodium bicarbonate and aPDT, showed to be efficacious in the decontamination of dental implants surface in vitro.

Comparison between four different implant surface debridement methods: an in-vitro experimental study.

Among the four treatments considered, air-polishing therapy represents the best one in terms of ink removal from the implant surface in vitro, using a peri-implant pocket-simulating model.

Cleaning potential of different air abrasive powders and their impact on implant surface roughness.

Large-sized powder showed the greatest cleaning capacity, but caused more alterations to the implant surface, while Glycine and erythritol demonstrated a limited ink removal capacity.

In vitro evaluation of controlled‐release 14% doxycycline gel for decontamination of machined and sandblasted acid‐etched implants

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Sodium Bicarbonate Jet Reduces Contamination of Dental Implants In Vitro Without Causing Visible Surface Changes.

The sodium bicarbonate jet was effective in decontaminating titanium implants in vitro, causing no visible damage to the implant surface.

Effects of air abrasive decontamination on titanium surfaces: A systematic review of in vitro studies.

Air abrasion can efficiently remove contamination without serious damage to the surface, but the main drawback of the AA method seems to be its limitation in restoring the biocompatibility of the surface.

Investigation of surface element properties in explanted implants due to peri-implantitis: An in vitro study

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Evaluation of air polishing with a sterile powder and mechanical debridement during regenerative surgical periimplantitis treatment: a study in dogs

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Nano-Hydroxyapatite Airborne-Particle Abrasion System as an Alternative Surface Treatment Method on Intraorally Contaminated Titanium Discs.

Nano-hydroxyapatite and laser treatments for detoxifying and improving infected titanium surfaces may show the most suitable results for reosseointegration.

Efficacy of Combined Mechanical and Chemical Decontamination Treatments on Smooth and Rough Titanium Surfaces and Their Effects on Osteoconduction: An Ex Vivo Study.

The microbiologic, SEM, and XPS analysis indicate a higher biofilm removal efficiency of combined mechanical-chemical treatments compared with exclusively mechanical approaches, especially on SLA surfaces.



Contaminated implant surfaces: an in vitro comparison of implant surface coating and treatment modalities for decontamination.

The results indicate that machined implants (without surface coating) are most readily decontaminated by a variety of methods; this characteristic should be considered, since long-term success of implants may involve treating periimplantitis.

Evaluation of an air-abrasive device with amino acid glycine-powder during surgical treatment of peri-implantitis.

Both groups (Perio-Flow and its control group) revealed a significant reduction of the clinical parameters, and the air-abrasive device group yielded better improvements regarding GI and PPD when the implant was considered as the statistical unit.

Implant surface preparation in the surgical treatment of experimental peri-implantitis with autogenous bone graft and ePTFE membrane in cynomolgus monkeys.

The present study of implants with a TPS surface in cynomolgus monkeys indicates that the simplest method involving gauze soaked alternately in chlorhexidine and saline should be the preferred implant surface preparation method in the surgical treatment of peri-implantitis involving autogenous bone graft and ePTFE membrane.

Short-term clinical and microbiological evaluations of peri-implant diseases before and after mechanical anti-infective therapies.

The open debridement procedure showed clinical and microbiological benefits on the treatment of peri-implantitis and could be safely used as a standard control group for future studies.

Effect of anti-infective mechanical therapy on clinical parameters and cytokine levels in human peri-implant diseases.

The proposed anti-infective therapies may locally modulate the levels of TNF-alpha and the OPG/RANKL ratio and improve clinical parameters around peri-implant tissues.

Composition of supra- and subgingival biofilm of subjects with healthy and diseased implants.

Marked differences were observed in the composition of supra- and subgingival biofilm between healthy and diseased implants, and the microbiota associated with peri-implantitis was comprised of more periodontal pathogenic bacterial species, including the supragingivalBiofilm.

The microbiota of osseointegrated implants in patients with a history of periodontal disease.

The purpose of this study was to determine the presence of suspected periodontal pathogens in the peri-implant microflora of osseointegrated implants exposed 3 and 6 months to the oral environment of

Decontamination of titanium implant surface and re-osseointegration to treat peri-implantitis: a literature review.

Both mechanical and chemical decontamination techniques should be applied alongside regenerative surgical procedures to obtain optimum re-osseointegration and successfully treat peri-implantitis.

Peri-implant diseases: Consensus Report of the Sixth European Workshop on Periodontology.

It was concluded that the treatment of peri-implant disease must include anti-infective measures and it appeared that non-surgical mechanical therapy caused the reduction in inflammation but also that the adjunctive use of antimicrobial mouthrinses had a positive effect.

Successful management of peri-implantitis with a regenerative approach: a consecutive series of 51 treated implants with 3- to 7.5-year follow-up.

A successful regenerative approach including surface decontamination, use of enamel matrix derivative, a combination of platelet-derived growth factor with anorganic bovine bone or mineralized freeze-dried bone, and coverage with a collagen membrane or a subepithelial connective tissue graft was employed in all cases.