Ahmad Baba al-Timbukti and his Islamic critique of racial slavery in the Maghrib

  title={Ahmad Baba al-Timbukti and his Islamic critique of racial slavery in the Maghrib},
  author={Timothy Cleaveland},
  journal={The Journal of North African Studies},
  pages={42 - 64}
  • T. Cleaveland
  • Published 1 January 2015
  • History
  • The Journal of North African Studies
This essay examines the life of Ahmad Baba al-Timbukti (1556–1627) and his efforts to end racial slavery and to persuade Maghribi scholars to accept the Islamic status of self-professed Muslims in West Africa. Towards this end, Ahmad Baba wrote a legal treatise that criticised the association of ‘Black’ Africans with slaves, especially through the racialised version of the curse of Ham. This treatise, entitled Mi‘raj al-Su‘ud, drew upon a century of jurisprudence produced in Timbuktu and set… 
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