Aharonov–Bohm oscillations in carbon nanotubes

@article{Bachtold1999AharonovBohmOI,
  title={Aharonov–Bohm oscillations in carbon nanotubes},
  author={Adrian Bachtold and Christoph Strunk and J. P. Salvetat and Jean-Marc Bonard and L{\'a}szl{\'o} Forr{\'o} and Thomas Nussbaumer and Christian Sch{\"o}nenberger},
  journal={Nature},
  year={1999},
  volume={397},
  pages={673-675}
}
When electrons pass through a cylindrical electrical conductor aligned in a magnetic field, their wave-like nature manifests itself as a periodic oscillation in the electrical resistance as a function of the enclosed magnetic flux. This phenomenon reflects the dependence of the phase of the electron wave on the magnetic field, known as the Aharonov–Bohm effect, which causes a phase difference, and hence interference, between partial waves encircling the conductor in opposite directions. Such… 
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