Agrophotovoltaic systems: applications, challenges, and opportunities. A review

  title={Agrophotovoltaic systems: applications, challenges, and opportunities. A review},
  author={Axel Weselek and Andrea Ehmann and Sabine Zikeli and Iris Lewandowski and Stephan Schindele and Petra H{\"o}gy},
  journal={Agronomy for Sustainable Development},
The expansion of renewable energies aims at meeting the global energy demand while replacing fossil fuels. However, it requires large areas of land. At the same time, food security is threatened by the impacts of climate change and a growing world population. This has led to increasing competition for limited land resources. In this context, the combination of photovoltaics and plant production — often referred to as agrophotovoltaic (APV) or agrivoltaic systems — has been suggested as an… 

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