Agrophotovoltaic systems: applications, challenges, and opportunities. A review

  title={Agrophotovoltaic systems: applications, challenges, and opportunities. A review},
  author={Axel Weselek and Andrea Ehmann and Sabine Zikeli and Iris Lewandowski and Stephan Schindele and Petra H{\"o}gy},
  journal={Agronomy for Sustainable Development},
The expansion of renewable energies aims at meeting the global energy demand while replacing fossil fuels. However, it requires large areas of land. At the same time, food security is threatened by the impacts of climate change and a growing world population. This has led to increasing competition for limited land resources. In this context, the combination of photovoltaics and plant production — often referred to as agrophotovoltaic (APV) or agrivoltaic systems — has been suggested as an… 

Opportunities for agrivoltaic systems to achieve synergistic food-energy-environmental needs and address sustainability goals

Achieving decarbonization goals to address global climate change and increasing energy needs requires significant continued investments in solar energy. The expansion of utility-scale solar

Agrivoltaic system impacts on microclimate and yield of different crops within an organic crop rotation in a temperate climate

Agrivoltaic (AV) systems integrate the production of agricultural crops and electric power on the same land area through the installation of solar panels several meters above the soil surface. It has

An Efficient Structure of an Agrophotovoltaic System in a Temperate Climate Region

The aim of this study was to identify an efficient agrophotovoltaic (APV) system structure for generating electricity from solar radiation without causing an adverse impact on crop growth. In a

Solar Photovoltaic Architecture and Agronomic Management in Agrivoltaic System: A Review

Agrivoltaic systems (AVS) offer a symbiotic strategy for co-location sustainable renewable energy and agricultural production. This is particularly important in densely populated developing and

Spatial Distribution Model of Solar Radiation for Agrivoltaic Land Use in Fixed PV Plants

Agrivoltaics is currently presented as a possible effective solution to one of society’s greatest challenges: responding to the increasing demand for energy and food in an efficient and sustainable



The potential of agrivoltaic systems

Remarkable agrivoltaic influence on soil moisture, micrometeorology and water-use efficiency

The environmental effects of solar panels on an unirrigated pasture that often experiences water stress are addressed to show that the impacts of these factors should be considered in designing the solar farms to take advantage of potential net gains in agricultural and power production.

How does a shelter of solar panels influence water flows in a soil–crop system?