Agronomic and environmental factors affecting cultivation of the winter mushroom or Enokitake: achievements and prospects

  title={Agronomic and environmental factors affecting cultivation of the winter mushroom or Enokitake: achievements and prospects},
  author={Samaneh Attaran Dowom and Sharareh Rezaeian and Hamid R. Pourianfar},
  journal={Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology},
The global interest in production of the winter mushroom or Enokitake (Flammulina filiformis previously known as Flammulina velutipes) is increasing owing to its nutritional and medicinally important bioactive compounds along with a marketable texture and flavor. This review presents the state of knowledge on achievements in solid-state cultivation and submerged cultures of Enokitake and how they are influenced by environmental factors and agronomic characteristics. A wide range of basic… 

Technological principles for the introduction of winter mushroom (Flammulina velutipes (Curtis) Singer) into the industrial culture

Flammulina velutipes - enokitake or shortly - "enoki", is one of the most widely cultivated mushrooms on the planet. The value of the fruit bodies of the “gold mushroom” is determined by their high

Quantitative Changes in the Biochemical and Mineral Composition of the Substrate in Solid-State Cultivation of Enoki Mushroom

Purpose This study, for the first time, investigated the pattern of changes in a range of macromolecules and minerals of a lignocellulosic substrate utilized for cultivation of Enoki mushroom.

Comparative Study of ɛ-Polylysine or Nisin Inhibition Kinetics of Lactococcus lactis and Spoilage Microorganisms in Fresh Flammulina velutipes Fruiting Bodies

Flammulina velutipes is one of the most important edible mushrooms, which quickly decays with a short shelf life. However, little is known about the effect of ɛ-polylysine (ɛ-PL) or nisin on the

Comparative Transcriptomics of Flammulina filiformis Suggests a High CO2 Concentration Inhibits Early Pileus Expansion by Decreasing Cell Division Control Pathways

Carbon dioxide is commonly used as one of the significant environmental factors to control pileus expansion during mushroom cultivation. However, the pileus expansion mechanism related to CO2 is

Effects of β-1,6-Glucan Synthase Gene (FfGS6) Overexpression on Stress Response and Fruit Body Development in Flammulina filiformis

β-1, 6-glucan synthase is a key enzyme of β-1, 6-glucan synthesis, which plays a vital role in the cell wall cross-linking of fungi. However, the role of the β-1, 6-glucan synthase gene in the

FFGA1 Protein Is Essential for Regulating Vegetative Growth, Cell Wall Integrity, and Protection against Stress in Flammunina filiformis

Results indicated that FfGa1 positively regulates hyphal extension, and is crucial for the maintenance of cell wall integrity and protection against biotic and abiotic (hypertonic and thermal) stress.



A Comparative Study on Bioconversion of Different Agro Wastes by Wild and Cultivated Strains of Flammulina velutipes

The selected agricultural wastes evaluated in this study may be suggested as new formulations for growing either indigenous or cultivated strains of medicinal mushroom F. velutipes.


There are different environmental factors affecting the fruiting body development of mushrooms, and by adjusting various factors like temperature, light, media composition production of mushrooms can be increased.

Cultivation Techniques and Medicinal Properties of Pleurotus spp.

This review focuses on recent advances in the biotechnology of Pleurotus spp.

Ganoderma neo-japonicum Imazeki revisited: Domestication study and antioxidant properties of its basidiocarps and mycelia

Domestication of wild G. neo-japonicum using agroresidues may ensure a continuous supply of G. Neo-Japonicum for its medicinal use while ensuring the conservation of this rare species.

Flammulina velutipes: An option for "alperujo" use.

Fruiting body production in basidiomycetes

A better understanding of the developmental processes underlying fruiting in these model organisms is expected to help mushroom cultivation of other basidiomycetes in the future.

Antibacterial activity, optimal culture conditions and cultivation of the medicinal Ganoderma australe, new to Thailand

A new strain of Ganoderma australe collected in Thailand is reported and identified using macro- and micro-morphological characteristics as well as phylogenetic analysis, the first report of the antimicrobial activities observed in G. Australe.

Determination of Mineral Components in the Cultivation Substrates of Edible Mushrooms and Their Uptake into Fruiting Bodies

It is noteworthy that the mineral contents in the postharvest cultivation substrate were not changed significantly which implies that the spent cultivation substrates are nutritionally intact in terms of mineral contents and thus can be recycled as mineral sources and animal feeds.

Evaluation of different agricultural wastes for the production of fruiting bodies and bioactive compounds by medicinal mushroom Cordyceps militaris.

  • Q. LinL. Long X. Sun
  • Chemistry, Medicine
    Journal of the science of food and agriculture
  • 2017
CS and CCP are effective substrates for the production of fruit bodies and bioactive compounds by C. militaris, and provide a new approach to decreasing the cost of C. militaryaris cultivation and dealing with these agricultural wastes.