Agroforestry systems and biodiversity conservation in arid zones: the case of the Tehuacán Valley, Central México

Abstract

The role of agroforestry systems in biodiversity conservation was investigated in the semiarid Tehuacán Valley, Central México. Richness and diversity of native plant species were compared between agroforestry systems (6 sampling sites) and the following forests (6 sampling sites) dominated by columnar cacti: (i) “chichipera” dominated by Polaskia chichipe; (ii) “jiotillal” dominated by Escontria chiotilla; and (iii) “garambullal” dominated by Myrtillocactus schenckii. Our information on genetic variation of dominant arboreal species in the study sites was reviewed and included in the analysis. Factors influencing household’s decisions to maintain vegetation cover were compiled through a survey and interviews and analyzed. All the samples of the agroforestry systems studied maintained on average nearly 59% plant species and 94% genetic variation of dominant cacti occurring in the forests, although their ability to preserve endemic rare species is limited. Social factors favoring maintenance of perennial species in agricultural plots include collective rules, households traditions, use of the plants maintained in the systems, and the environmental information gathered from NGOs, the local Biosphere Reserve, and researchers. However, agroforestry systems are losing their capability to maintain vegetation cover, mainly because of (i) decreasing amount of land managed by households, determined by a progressive fragmentation of the land area given to new families, (ii) adoption of technologies to intensify agriculture, and (iii) governmental programs penalizing the presence of vegetation patches within agricultural lands since they are considered “useless” areas. Necessary policies to stop degradation of the agroforestry systems and to improve their conservation capacity are discussed.

DOI: 10.1007/s10457-010-9349-0

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Cite this paper

@article{MorenoCalles2010AgroforestrySA, title={Agroforestry systems and biodiversity conservation in arid zones: the case of the Tehuac{\'a}n Valley, Central M{\'e}xico}, author={Ana Isabel Moreno-Calles and Alejandro Casas and Jos{\'e} Juan Blancas and Ignacio del Valle Torres and Omar Masera and Javier Caballero and Luis Enrique Garc{\'i}a-Barrios and Edgar P{\'e}rez-Negr{\'o}n and Selene Rangel-Landa}, journal={Agroforestry Systems}, year={2010}, volume={80}, pages={315-331} }