Agroecology of Birds in Organic and Nonorganic Farmland

@article{Beecher2002AgroecologyOB,
  title={Agroecology of Birds in Organic and Nonorganic Farmland},
  author={Nancy A. Beecher and Ron J. Johnson and James R. Brandle and Ronald M. Case and Linda J. Young},
  journal={Conservation Biology},
  year={2002},
  volume={16}
}
Abstract: Ecological relationships between wildlife conservation and farm management provide common ground for the enhancement of bird habitat and the natural suppression of pests on farmland. We compared bird populations in 15 paired organic and nonorganic sites (cornfields plus edges, 30 sites total) that were similar in environment and edge habitat but that differed in use of fertilizers, herbicides, cultivation, and crop rotations. At each site, we used one strip transect to sample birds… 
Risk of Agricultural Practices and Habitat Change to Farmland Birds
TLDR
This work paired sites for habitat and geographical location on organic and nonorganic farms in Ontario, Canada to test a priori predictions of effects on birds overall, 9 guilds and 22 species in relation to candidate models for farming practices, local habitat features, or habitats that influence susceptibility to predation.
Abundance of invertebrate prey for birds on organic and conventional arable farms in the Netherlands
TLDR
Invertebrate prey abundance for birds during the breeding season between organic and conventional arable farms is compared and positive effects were found for several individual taxonomic groups, such as carabid beetles and spiders.
Organic and integrated agriculture: the effects on bird communities in orchard farms in northern Italy
TLDR
The results confirm the positive effects of (o) and (i) agriculture on bird communities, including some species of special interest for nature conservation.
Avian Biodiversity and Frugivory in an Agroecological Cherry Orchard in The Pampas Region of Argentina
Summary. Agroecology tends to benefit biodiversity and takes advantage of some ecosystem services like natural pest control. However, when biodiversity and agricultural production conflict, it is
Avian Diversity and Functional Insectivory on North‐Central Florida Farmlands
TLDR
Assessment of habitat factors correlated with diversity, distribution, and insect-foraging activity of native birds on farms in north-central Florida and characterized common bird species that consumed insect biomass in crops as "functional insectivores" suggested the potential positive role of avian insectivory on farms during the growing season.
Correlation Between the Type of Vegetation and Occurrence of Birds in Agrifields
Avian diversity in four areas of agrifields of Punjab Agricultural University (PAU), Ludhiana was studied in order to find a correlation between agricultural land use, woody vegetation and the
The Influence of Different Cover Types on American Robin Nest Success in Organic Agroecosystems
There are many opportunities for biodiversity conservation in organic farm systems. Successful and sustainable conservation efforts in organic systems, however, need to measure appropriate outcomes.
ffects of organic farming on plant and arthropod communities : A case study in editerranean dryland cereal
Organic farming is considered an important way to preserve biodiversity in agricultural landscapes. However, more work is still necessary to enable a full appraisal of the potential benefits of this
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 65 REFERENCES
Bird use and nesting in conventional, minimum-tillage, and organic cropland
TLDR
Seasonal bird use and nesting activity in fallow, sunflower, and wheat fields among conventional farms, minimum-tillage farms, and organic farms in southeast North Dakota showed low hatching success for waterfowl and shorebirds and passerines and nest success was low for passerines.
CONSERVING BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY IN AGRICULTURAL/FORESTRY SYSTEMS
TLDR
Both high agricultural productivity and human health depend on the activity of a diverse natural biota composed of an estimated 10 million (range 2-80 million) species of plants and animals that inhabit the world.
Use of cornfields by birds during the breeding season: the importance of edge habitat
TLDR
Continuing land-use practices that increase crop field size and eliminate woody vegetation from edge habitats will affect both the species richness and abundance of the avifauna associated with cornfields.
Influences of trees on abundance of natural enemies of insect pests: a review
TLDR
The use of natural enemies in crop pest management is reviewed and research is described to better meet information needs for practical applications to reduce the need for pesticides while maintaining agricultural profitability.
Avian Nest Dispersion and Fledging Success in Field‐Forest Ecotones
TLDR
The results indicate that habitat suitability decreases with increasing numbers of nests toward the narrow field-forest edges, and that the cowbird was also a victim of the increased predation rate.
Agroecological foundations of alternative agriculture in California
17. Influences of shelterbelts on wildlife management and biology
...
...