Agrobacterium-mediated transformation of Sorghum bicolor using immature embryos.


Successful efforts describing in vitro culturing, regeneration, and transformation of grain sorghum were reported, using particle bombardment, as early as 1993, and with Agrobacterium tumefaciens in 2000. Reported transformation efficiencies via Agrobacterium routinely range from 1 to 2%. Recently, such efficiencies via Agrobacterium in several plant species were improved with the use of heat and centrifugation treatments of explants prior to infection. Here, we describe the successful use of heat pretreatment of immature embryos (IEs) prior to Agrobacterium inoculation to increase routine transformation frequencies of a single genotype, P898012, to greater than 7%. This reproducible frequency was calculated as numbers of independently transformed IEs, confirmed by PCR, western, and DNA hybridization analysis, that produced fertile transgenic plants, divided by total numbers of infected IEs.

DOI: 10.1007/978-1-61779-558-9_10

Cite this paper

@article{Gurel2012AgrobacteriummediatedTO, title={Agrobacterium-mediated transformation of Sorghum bicolor using immature embryos.}, author={Songul Gurel and Ekrem Gurel and Tamara I Miller and Peggy G. Lemaux}, journal={Methods in molecular biology}, year={2012}, volume={847}, pages={109-22} }