Agriculture and dental caries? The case of rice in prehistoric Southeast Asia

  title={Agriculture and dental caries? The case of rice in prehistoric Southeast Asia},
  author={Nancy Tayles and Kate Domett and K Nelsen},
  journal={World Archaeology},
  pages={68 - 83}
The agricultural transition has long been recognized to have been a very important period in human prehistory. Its timing and consequences, including the effects on human health, have been intensively researched. In recent decades, this has included the idea that there is a universal positive correlation between the adoption of agriculture based on a carbohydrate staple crop and dental caries prevalence. This is mainly based on evidence from America, where maize was the staple crop. On the… 

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Comparisons of oral pathology among four pre-Columbian groups with different degrees of agricultural and socio-cultural development but comparable ecological conditions on the coastal desert of Peru recommend that caries depth and locations should be used with evaluations of dental wear to reconstruct subsistence in ancient populations.

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Adult females tended to be more affected by LEH, indicating that they experienced greater physiological stress during early childhood, and there were no significant differences in the rate of dental caries between prehistoric foraging and early-modern farming Ryukyu Islanders.

Oral health of the Paleoamericans of Lagoa Santa, Central Brazil.

A diet based on a highly cariogenic combination of wild tubers and fruits is suggested as an explanation for the elevated rate of dental caries and abscess prevalence, characterizing an early adaptation to a tropical environment in South America.

Aspects of health in prehistoric mainland Southeast Asia: Indicators of stress in response to the intensification of rice agriculture.

An initial improvement in health during agricultural intensification at this site is likely related to a reduction in physiological perturbations and maintenance of a nutritious diet during this time, and the subsequent deterioration in health may reflect geomorphologically and archaeologically indicated variation in environmental conditions and consequential sociocultural changes.



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The high rate of crown caries (8.6%; 119/1,377 teeth) and other oral pathologies in 101 central Japan Middle to Late Jomon Period (ca. 1000 B.C.) crania indicate a level of carbohydrate consumption

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  • L. Sreebny
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  • 1983
It is suggested that starch in the form of wheat may contribute to the prevalence of dental caries in nations throughout the world.

Dental paleopathology and agricultural intensification in south Asia: new evidence from Bronze Age Harappa.

  • J. Lukacs
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    American journal of physical anthropology
  • 1992
Prevalence of dental disease increases in the greater Indus Valley as subsistence becomes more intensive and as food preparation and storage technology becomes more efficient.

Observations of dental diseases among prehistoric populations of Hungary.

Observations are offered describing several types of dental disease which occurred among certain prehistoric populations of Hungary which were examined for evidence of caries, hypoplasia, and periodontal disease.

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In 1982, the Conference on Paleopathology and Socioeconomic Change at the Origins of Agriculture was held in Plattsburgh, New York, to examine previously untested theories about how the adoption of

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In addition to sugar, other factors, such as other aspects of diet, exposure to fluoride and genetic effects, must be taken into account when seeking to explain variations in caries prevalence, and when making recommendations for caries control.

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The evidence suggests that ritual ablation is the most likely explanation for the absence of anterior teeth in prehistoric burials, although the loss of mandibular incisors in some early burials may be as a result of industrial use of the teeth.

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