Agriculture and biodiversity: a review

@article{Dudley2017AgricultureAB,
  title={Agriculture and biodiversity: a review},
  author={Nigel Dudley and Sasha Alexander},
  journal={Biodiversity},
  year={2017},
  volume={18},
  pages={45 - 49}
}
Abstract Agriculture is the largest contributor to biodiversity loss with expanding impacts due to changing consumption patterns and growing populations. Agriculture destroys biodiversity by converting natural habitats to intensely managed systems and by releasing pollutants, including greenhouses gases. Food value chains further amplify impacts including through energy use, transport and waste. Reducing the food system’s toll on biodiversity is a critical challenge. The ‘sparing or sharing… 
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It is found that agricultural intensification to spare land from conversion is a successful strategy only in highly natural landscapes, and that clustering agricultural land is the most effective measure to preserve large connected natural fragments, avoid severe fragmentation, and thus, enhance sustainability.
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