Agriculture and biodiversity: a review

  title={Agriculture and biodiversity: a review},
  author={Nigel Dudley and Sasha Alexander},
  pages={45 - 49}
Abstract Agriculture is the largest contributor to biodiversity loss with expanding impacts due to changing consumption patterns and growing populations. Agriculture destroys biodiversity by converting natural habitats to intensely managed systems and by releasing pollutants, including greenhouses gases. Food value chains further amplify impacts including through energy use, transport and waste. Reducing the food system’s toll on biodiversity is a critical challenge. The ‘sparing or sharing… 
Minimising the loss of biodiversity and ecosystem services in an intact landscape under risk of rapid agricultural development
As humanity's demand for resources continues to rise and productive arable lands become increasingly scarce, many of Earth's remaining intact regions are at heightened risk of destruction from
LEGU-MED: Developing Biodiversity-Based Agriculture with Legume Cropping Systems in the Mediterranean Basin
Environmental degradation and the decrease of ecosystem service provision are currently of major concern, with current agricultural systems being a major driver. To meet our future environmental and
Recent progress of agro-biodiversity conservation and implications for agricultural development in China
Background: Agro-biodiversity is one of the most important issues under the Convention on Biological Diversity (hereinafter as the Convention), and it is of practical significance to global food
Relocating croplands could drastically reduce the environmental impacts of global food production
Agricultural production has replaced natural ecosystems across the planet, becoming a major driver of carbon emissions, biodiversity loss, and freshwater consumption. Here we combined global crop
Ecological restoration of agricultural land can improve its contribution to economic development
The results show that the economic contribution of rural land is far greater than that attributable to agricultural production alone.
New Types of Land Ownership to Sustain Life on Land
Sustainable Life on Land, the fifteenth UN Sustainable Development Goal, calls for protecting, restoring and promoting sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, including agricultural subsystems.
No-Till Farming Systems for Sustaining Soil Health
Agriculture in the next decades will have to produce more food on less land and purchased production inputs by making more efficient use of natural and applied resources. The practice of no-tillage
Socio-Economic and Environmental Implications of Bioenergy Crop Cultivation on Marginal African Drylands and Key Principles for a Sustainable Development
Africa has been a hotspot for the development of food and bioenergy crop cultivation since the 2000s, leading to systematic challenges towards its ability to become a bioeconomy. To reduce land-use
Habitat percolation transition undermines sustainability in social-ecological agricultural systems
It is found that agricultural intensification to spare land from conversion is a successful strategy only in highly natural landscapes, and that clustering agricultural land is the most effective measure to preserve large connected natural fragments, avoid severe fragmentation, and thus, enhance sustainability.


Agricultural sustainability: concepts, principles and evidence
  • J. Pretty
  • Business, Medicine
    Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
  • 2007
Agricultural sustainability suggests a focus on both genotype improvements through the full range of modern biological approaches and improved understanding of the benefits of ecological and agronomic management, manipulation and redesign.
Should agricultural policies encourage land sparing or wildlife‐friendly farming?
As the demands on agricultural lands to produce food, fuel, and fiber continue to expand, effective strategies are urgently needed to balance biodiversity conservation and agricultural production.
The impact of agricultural practices on biodiversity
Reframing the land‐sparing/land‐sharing debate for biodiversity conservation
  • C. Kremen
  • Environmental Science
    Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
  • 2015
This review reviews the ecological evidence in favor of sparing versus sharing, and suggests that the dichotomy of the land‐sparing/land‐sharing framework limits the realm of future possibilities to two, largely undesirable, options for conservation.
Global Consequences of Land Use
Global croplands, pastures, plantations, and urban areas have expanded in recent decades, accompanied by large increases in energy, water, and fertilizer consumption, along with considerable losses of biodiversity.
Biofuel Plantations on Forested Lands: Double Jeopardy for Biodiversity and Climate
Reducing deforestation is likely to represent a more effective climate-change mitigation strategy than converting forest for biofuel production, and it may help nations meet their international commitments to reduce biodiversity loss.
Global Agriculture and Climate Change
Climate change, caused by anthropogenic activities, is a universal phenomenon across the globe. There is general consensus that combating climate change will require a set of internationally
Agricultural intensification: will land spared from farming be land spared for nature?
  • P. Matson, P. Vitousek
  • Environmental Science
    Conservation biology : the journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
  • 2006
An alternative pathway by which agricultural production and conservation could be harmonized is wildlife-friendly farming, which involves designing agricultural systems so that they support important components of biological diversity within the agricultural landscape itself.