Agriculture, Forests, and Ecological History: Brazil, 1500–1984

  title={Agriculture, Forests, and Ecological History: Brazil, 1500–1984},
  author={John R. McNeill},
  journal={Environmental Review},
  pages={122 - 133}
  • J. McNeill
  • Published 1 June 1986
  • Political Science
  • Environmental Review
One of the hallmarks of civilization is its capacity and inclination to simplify ecosystems. In order to assure and enlarge their niche, humans have rearranged plant and animal communities to favor those species that provide stored energy for human use. Only a comparatively few such species exist, hence, where human beings flourish they invariably reduce the diversity of the biota, replacing natural flora and fauna with high concentrations of edible (and otherwise useful) plants and animals. In… 
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