• Corpus ID: 109119660

Agricultural science, plant breeding and the emergence of a Mendelian system in Britain, 1880-1930

  title={Agricultural science, plant breeding and the emergence of a Mendelian system in Britain, 1880-1930},
  author={Berris Charnley},
Following Thomas P. Hughes’s systems approach in the history of technology, and making use of previously unexamined sources, this dissertation seeks to show that the development of British Mendelism may be explained, and the success it enjoyed more accurately gauged, by analysing the emergence of a system whose elements justified the theory, protected it, made it useful, and slowly territorialized the world. Accordingly, the analysis will cover the principle elements of this system: the system… 
Did Mendelism Transform Plant Breeding? Genetic Theory and Breeding Practice, 1900–1945
None of the bold and general claims made for Mendelism’s revolutionary impact, especially before the First World War, were justified and are thus best seen as rhetoric designed to attract recruits and resources to an emerging field.
The plant breeding industry after pure line theory: Lessons from the National Institute of Agricultural Botany.
  • Dominic J Berry
  • History
    Studies in history and philosophy of biological and biomedical sciences
  • 2014
Genetics, statistics, and regulation at the National Institute ofAgricultural Botany, 1919-1969
The National Institute of Agricultural Botany, founded in 1919 and still operating today from its same Cambridge headquarters, is one of Britain’s oldest agricultural science institutes. Using the
Women as Mendelians and Geneticists
After the rediscovery of Mendel’s laws of heredity in 1900, the biologists who began studying heredity, variation, and evolution using the new Mendelian methodology—performing controlled hybrid
Agricultural Modernity as a Product of the Great War: The Founding of the Official Seed Testing Station for England and Wales, 1917–1921
Abstract The Seed Testing Station (STS) is a key and clear example of agricultural modernization in twentieth-century Britain, one which was produced by the pressures of the First World War. Part of
James Cossar Ewart and the Origins of the Animal Breeding Research Department in Edinburgh, 1895–1920
  • C. Button
  • History
    Journal of the history of biology
  • 2018
New light is shed on Edinburgh’s place in early British genetics by drawing upon recently catalogued archival sources including the papers of James Cossar Ewart, Regius Professor of Natural History at the University of Edinburgh between 1882 and 1927.
The resisted rise of randomisation in experimental design: British agricultural science, c.1910–1930
A historical case study from the origins of the RCT is introduced, uncovering the initially cool reception given to this method by agricultural scientists at the University of Cambridge and the National Institute of Agricultural Botany.
Domesticating the wild type : a historical investigation of the role of the domestic-wild divide in scientific knowledge production
This thesis focuses on the role and historical development of strategies of experimental domestication in scientific knowledge production, with a particular focus on the function of the laboratory


Early Mendelism and the subversion of taxonomy: epistemological obstacles as institutions.
  • S. Müller-Wille
  • Biology
    Studies in history and philosophy of biological and biomedical sciences
  • 2005
Darwin and domestication: Studies on inheritance
It is suggested in this paper that Darwin's work on domesticates was not simply meant to provide an analogy for natural selection but rather became a research program to investigate other aspects of his natural selection theory, especially inheritance and variability; these subjects were integral parts of his theory of natural selection, but by 1859 he had not found a mechanism to account for them.
The American Breeders' Association: Genetics and Eugenics in an Agricultural Context, 1903-13
  • B. Kimmelman
  • Sociology, Medicine
    Social studies of science
  • 1983
It is argued that the agricultural context of the ABA was crucial for the development of American genetics and for the course of the American eugenics movement.
Recent Progress in the Study of Variation, Heredity and Evolution
  • F. D.
  • Psychology
  • 1907
THE labours of a new school of biologists, ably represented in this country by a band of energetic workers at Cambridge of whom the author of the present book is not the least distinguished, have
Classical genetic research and its legacy : the mapping cultures of twentieth-century genetics
This chapter discusses Mendelian Genetics and Linkage Mapping, as well as mapping as Technology: Genes, Mutant Mice, and Biomedical Research (1910-65).
The struggle for authority in the field of heredity, 1900–1932: New perspectives on the rise of genetics
  • J. Sapp
  • Art
    Journal of the history of biology
  • 1983
Investigations of the rise of genetics by biologists, historians, and sociologists of science have resulted in a rich body of literature as diverse as it is large, with one common view concerns the notion of genetics itself.
Cornfests, cornfabs and cooperation: the origins and beginnings of the maize genetics cooperation news letter.
The history of Emerson's successful negotiations with the Rockefeller Foundation to fund his cooperative enterprise at Cornell University is presented and a historical perspective on the actual origin of the MGC and the beginnings of the MNL, which was first issued in 1929 is provided.
Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries Research and the Land: an Account of Recent Progress in Agricultural and Horticultural Science in the United Kingdom
EVEN when they forsake their opprobrious blue, and appear in hodden-grey, the publications of H.M. Stationery Office have but a feeble appeal to the lay public, but this book—in the words of the
Scientific Theory and Agricultural Practice: Plant Breeding in Germany from the Late 19th to the Early 20th Century
It is argued that in order to better understand the transformation of plant breeding into an applied academic science the authors have to take different levels into account, i.e. the levels of organizations, individuals and objects, at which science and technology interact.
The Role of the Vilmorin Company in the Promotion and Diffusion of the Experimental Science of Heredity in France, 1840–1920
The role played by one company - the Vilmorin Company in France - in the promotion of an experimental science of heredity from 1840 to 1920 is focused on.