Agoraphobia without panic: clinical reappraisal of an epidemiologic finding.

@article{Horwath1993AgoraphobiaWP,
  title={Agoraphobia without panic: clinical reappraisal of an epidemiologic finding.},
  author={Ewald Horwath and Jennifer D. Lish and Jennifer Johnson and Christopher D. Hornig and Myrna M. Weissman},
  journal={The American journal of psychiatry},
  year={1993},
  volume={150 10},
  pages={1496-501}
}
OBJECTIVE In the United States, the consensus among clinicians and researchers, reflected in DSM-III-R, is that agoraphobia is a conditioned response to panic attacks and almost never occurs without panic attacks. The predominant view in the United Kingdom is that agoraphobia frequently occurs in the absence of panic. While clinicians report that they rarely see patients with agoraphobia who have no history of panic disorder, community studies report that agoraphobia without panic disorder is… CONTINUE READING