Aging and the Perception of Emotion: Processing Vocal Expressions Alone and With Faces

@article{Ryan2010AgingAT,
  title={Aging and the Perception of Emotion: Processing Vocal Expressions Alone and With Faces},
  author={Melissa Ryan and Janice E. Murray and Ted Ruffman},
  journal={Experimental Aging Research},
  year={2010},
  volume={36},
  pages={1 - 22}
}
This study investigated whether the difficulties older adults experience when recognizing specific emotions from facial expressions also occur with vocal expressions of emotion presented in isolation or in combination with facial expressions. When matching vocal expressions of six emotions to emotion labels, older adults showed worse performance on sadness and anger. When matching vocal expressions to facial expressions, older adults showed worse performance on sadness, anger, happiness, and… 

Recognition of facial, auditory, and bodily emotions in older adults.

TLDR
It was found that older adults' difficulty in matching emotions was not explained by difficulty on the component sources (i.e., faces or voices on their own), suggesting an additional problem of integration.

Effects of aging on emotion recognition from dynamic multimodal expressions and vocalizations

TLDR
Results indicate that recognition of both positive and negative emotions show age- related differences, and suggests that the age-related positivity effect in emotion recognition may become less evident when dynamic emotional stimuli are used and happiness is not the only positive emotion under study.

In the ear of the beholder: how age shapes emotion processing in nonverbal vocalizations.

TLDR
It is suggested that ageing produces specific changes on the processing of nonverbal vocalizations, and that decrements were not attenuated for positive emotions indicates that they cannot be explained by a positivity effect in older adults.

Intelligibility of Emotional Speech in Younger and Older Adults

TLDR
The results are the first to demonstrate a relationship between vocal emotion and word recognition accuracy in noise for younger and older listeners, and the enhancement of intelligibility by emotion is greatest for words spoken to portray fear and presented heterogeneously with other emotions.

Compensating for age limits through emotional crossmodal integration

TLDR
Investigation of the age-related effects on emotion recognition when faces and voices were presented alone or simultaneously, allowing for crossmodal integration showed that older adults performed slower and worse than younger adults at recognizing negative emotions from isolated Faces and voices.

The effect of normal aging on the social perception of faces

Typical aging is associated with declined cognitive functions and neural deterioration. This thesis investigates the effect of normal aging on social perception of facial emotion and facial identity.

Processing of Emotions in Speech in Healthy Older and Young Adults

Emotions in speech are conveyed through the lexical content and prosody. With increasing age, healthy older adults have trouble recognizing affec tiv prosody, however, literature pertaining to the

Age-related differences in emotion matching are limited to low intensity expressions

TLDR
Although older adults took longer to respond than younger adults, younger adults only outmatched older adults for the lowest intensity disgust and fear expressions, suggesting that salient emotion cues increased difficulty of identity matching.

Music to My Ears: Age-Related Decline in Musical and Facial Emotion Recognition

TLDR
Investigation of young-old differences in emotion recognition using music and face stimuli and explanatory hypotheses regarding older adults’ typically worse emotion recognition found that older adults were worse at detecting anger, sadness, fear, and happiness in music.

Age- and Gender-Related Variations of Emotion Recognition in Pseudowords and Faces

TLDR
Females performed better than males in recognizing emotions from voices, and this gender difference emerged in middle-aged and older participants, providing further evidence for a general age and gender effect on emotion recognition.
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 85 REFERENCES

Adult aging and the perceived intensity of emotions in faces and stories

TLDR
Older adults rate some aspects of emotions portrayed in facial expressions and written text as less intense, which may partly reflect better emotional adjustment with age, as reflected in lower levels of anxiety and depression.

Age and the understanding of emotions: neuropsychological and sociocognitive perspectives.

TLDR
Young people were less able to identify facial expressions of anger and sadness, and showed poorer ability to identify theory of mind from pictures of eyes, but there were no age effects on the understanding of emotions in verbal descriptions.

Neural structures associated with recognition of facial expressions of basic emotions

TLDR
The results support the hypotheses derived from neuropsychological findings, that recognition of disgust, fear and anger is based on separate neural systems, and that the output of these systems converges on frontal regions for further information processing.

Patterns of visual scanning as predictors of emotion identification in normal aging.

TLDR
Eye movements of older adults and younger adults with normal saccades were recorded while viewing facial expressions, and topographical distribution of fixations predicted better OA accuracy for identifying disgust than other negative emotions.

Expression Without Recognition: Contributions of the Human Amygdala to Emotional Communication

TLDR
A case study of a patient with bilateral amygdaloid damage who, despite a severe deficit in interpreting facial expressions of emotion including fear, exhibits an intact ability to express this and other basic emotions suggests that a single neural module does not support all aspects of the social communication of emotional state.

Impaired recognition of emotion in facial expressions following bilateral damage to the human amygdala

TLDR
Findings suggest the human amygdala may be indispensable to recognize fear in facial expressions, but is not required to recognize personal identity from faces, and constrains the broad notion that the amygdala is involved in emotion.

Emotion recognition in autism: coordinating faces and voices

TLDR
The findings suggest that autistic individuals have a disability in recognizing bodily expressions of emotion, and that there is a degree of task-specificity to this impairment.

EMOTION RECOGNITION DEFICITS IN THE ELDERLY

TLDR
Support is provided for an age-related decline in the recognition of some emotions that is independent of changes in perceptual abilities, processing speed, fluid IQ, basic face processing abilities, and reasoning- about non-face stimuli.
...