Aging, Adult Development, and Work Motivation

  title={Aging, Adult Development, and Work Motivation},
  author={Ruth Kanfer and Phillip L. Ackerman},
  journal={Academy of Management Review},
We describe a framework for understanding how age-related changes in adult development affect work motivation, and, building on recent life-span theories and research on cognitive abilities, personality, affect, vocational interests, values, and self-concept, identify four intraindividual change trajectories (loss, gain, reorganization, and exchange). We discuss implications of the integrative framework for the use and effectiveness of different motivational strategies with midlife and older… 

Figures from this paper

Work Motivation and Employment Goals in Later Adulthood

Population aging across the globe has focused increasing attention on work motivation and employment goals among older adults. This chapter examines the psychological foundations of work motivation

Goals and motivation related to work in later adulthood: An organizing framework

Demographics of workforce aging in the developed world have spurred research on the determinants of older worker motivation to work, motivation to retire, and motivation at work. We propose an

Motivational Theory of Lifespan Development

Age differences in achievement goals and motivational characteristics of work in an ageing workforce

ABSTRACT This study reviews theory and results from developmental psychology to examine age differences in workplace achievement goals. We investigated whether goal level decreases with age and, by

Psychological Functioning in Adulthood: A Self-Efficacy Analysis

In the first edition of this handbook, we laid the foundation for a self-efficacy approach to understanding learning in adulthood.We examined self-efficacy applications to learning in adulthood from

Theories of Cognitive Aging and Work

Work in the 21st century: New directions for aging and adult development.

Six broad themes, arising from the convergence of theory, research findings, and emerging patterns of work, are proposed as guides for forging new directions on the intellectual and motivational aspects of adult development in the world of 21st century work.

Consequences of age-related cognitive declines.

This article briefly reviews research concerned with relations of age to cognition, relations of cognition to successful functioning outside the laboratory, and relations ofAge to measures of work performance and achievement.



Does job-related training performance decline with age?

The meta-analytic review presents the findings of a project investigating the relationship between age and job-related training outcomes, which showed poorer training performance for older adults.

Personality in adulthood

Now in a revised and expanded second edition, this influential work argues for the enduring stability of personality across adult development. It also offers a highly accessible introduction to the

A social-cognitive approach to motivation and personality

Past work has documented and described major patterns of adaptive and maladaptive behavior: the mastery-oriented and the helpless patterns. In this article, we present a research-based model that

A life span model of successful aging.

The model presented extends the discourse on this topic in three directions: (a) it frames the discussion of successful aging in the broader context of life course development; (b) it accounts for both normative and nonnormative success; and (c) it integrates motivational processes into a theory of successful Aging.

Age and occupational well-being.

  • P. Warr
  • Psychology
    Psychology and aging
  • 1992
Age remains significantly predictive of job well-being, and possible additional explanations of this positive association include other characteristics, an increasingly retrospective focus, and nonoccupational experiences.

The Aging Worker in a Changing Environment: Organizational and Individual Issues

Abstract The impact of an aging workforce raises the biggest issues facing employers today. Middle age and older workers will become increasingly prevalent in the work place. In this article using

Intellectual Development in Adulthood: The Seattle Longitudinal Study

1. Introduction 2. Methodological issues 3. The data base 4. Cross sectional studies 5. Longitudinal studies 6. Studies of cohort and period differences 7. Intervention studies 8. Methodological

Psychological perspectives on successful aging: The model of selective optimization with compensation.

The purpose of this chapter is twofold. First, we review research on the nature of psychological aging in terms of seven propositions. Second, we present a psychological model for the study of

Getting older, getting better? Personal strivings and psychological maturity across the life span.

Older individuals may indeed be more psychologically mature than younger people and may be happier as a result, and it was shown that measured maturity mediated the relationship between age and well-being.

Task-Specific Motivation: An Integrative Approach to Issues of Measurement, Mechanisms, Processes, and Determinants

The present paper identifies and discusses contemporary problems in the self-regulation, expectancy-value, and goal-setting conceptualizations of task-specific motivation. Three issues are examined