Agenda Seeding: How 1960s Black Protests Moved Elites, Public Opinion and Voting

  title={Agenda Seeding: How 1960s Black Protests Moved Elites, Public Opinion and Voting},
  author={Omar Wasow},
  journal={American Political Science Review},
  pages={638 - 659}
  • Omar Wasow
  • Published 21 May 2020
  • Political Science
  • American Political Science Review
How do stigmatized minorities advance agendas when confronted with hostile majorities? Elite theories of influence posit marginal groups exert little power. I propose the concept of agenda seeding to describe how activists use methods like disruption to capture the attention of media and overcome political asymmetries. Further, I hypothesize protest tactics influence how news organizations frame demands. Evaluating black-led protests between 1960 and 1972, I find nonviolent activism… 
Revealing Issue Salience via Costly Protest: How Legislative Behavior Following Protest Advantages Low-Resource Groups
  • LaGina Gause
  • Political Science
    British Journal of Political Science
  • 2020
Collective action, particularly by low-resource groups, presents an opportunity for re-election-minded legislators to learn about (and subsequently represent) their constituents’ salient interests.
Weather to Protest: The Effect of Black Lives Matter Protests on the 2020 Presidential Election
Do mass mobilizations bring about social change? Prior research provides mixed findings on whether large-scale collective action helps protesters further their cause. This paper adds new evidence to
The Opinion-Mobilizing Effect of Social Protest against Police Violence: Evidence from the 2020 George Floyd Protests – CORRIGENDUM
Does social protest following the police killing of unarmed Black civilians have a widespread “opinion-mobilizing” effect against the police? Or, does the racialized nature of these events polarize
Public fear of protesters and support for protest policing: An experimental test of two theoretical models*
As protests erupted across the United States in recent years over racialized issues (e.g., Black Lives Matter and Confederate monuments), so too did questions about when and how police should
Badge of Courage or Sign of Criminality? Experimental Evidence for How Voters Respond to Candidates Who Were Arrested at a Protest
Objective To test whether political activists who are arrested at a protest will subsequently be more or less able to successfully run for office. Methods We use a conjoint survey experiment
Racial Diversity, Electoral Preferences, and the Supply of Policy: the Great Migration and Civil Rights
How does the racial composition of local constituencies affect voters' preferences and politicians' behavior? We study the effects of one of the largest episodes of internal migration in US history,
Friday on My Mind: Re-Assessing the Impact of Protest Size on Government Concessions
Do more protesters on the streets make governments likely to grant their demands? Several studies link protest size and government concessions. Yet existing research has limitations: many studies
How State and Protester Violence Affect Protest Dynamics
How do state and protester violence affect whether protests grow or shrink? Previous research finds conflicting results for how violence affects protest dynamics. This article argues that
Effective for Whom? Ethnic Identity and Nonviolent Resistance
A growing literature finds that nonviolence is more successful than violence in effecting political change. We suggest that a focus on this association is incomplete, because it obscures the crucial
Protest as One Political Act in Individuals’ Participation Repertoires: Latent Class Analysis and Political Participant Types
This study advances research on the role of protest in individual-level participation repertoires by examining how latent class analysis can be used to identify distinctive types of political


Mobilizing Public Opinion: Black Insurgency and Racial Attitudes in the Civil Rights Era
What motivates us to change our opinions during times of political protest and social unrest? To investigate this question, Taeku Lee's smartly argued book looks to the critical struggle over the
Protest and Congressional Behavior: Assessing Racial and Ethnic Minority Protests in the District
Although minority protest is often characterized as an effective form of political participation, previous research has been unsuccessful in establishing a direct link between protest activity and
The Political Power of Protest: Minority Activism and Shifts in Public Policy
Gillion demonstrates the direct influence that political protest behavior has on Congress, the presidency and the Supreme Court, illustrating that protest is a form of democratic responsiveness that
Do Political Protests Matter? Evidence from the Tea Party Movement*
Can protests cause political change, or are they merely symptoms of underlying shifts in policy preferences? We address this question by studying the Tea Party movement in the United States, which
Testing Theories of American Politics: Elites, Interest Groups, and Average Citizens
Each of four theoretical traditions in the study of American politics—which can be characterized as theories of Majoritarian Electoral Democracy, Economic-Elite Domination, and two types of
Opinion Backlash and Public Attitudes: Are Political Advances in Gay Rights Counterproductive?
One long-recognized consequence of the tension between popular sovereignty and democratic values like liberty and equality is public opinion backlash, which occurs when individuals recoil in response
The Persistent Effect of U.S. Civil Rights Protests on Political Attitudes
Protests can engender significant institutional change. Can protests also continue to shape a nation’s contemporary politics outside of more formalized channels? I argue that social movements can not
Can Violent Protest Change Local Policy Support? Evidence from the Aftermath of the 1992 Los Angeles Riot
Violent protests are dramatic political events, yet we know little about the effect of these events on political behavior. While scholars typically treat violent protests as deliberate acts
Platforms and Partners: The Civil Rights Realignment Reconsidered
Few transformations have been more significant in American politics in recent decades than the Democratic Party's embrace of racial liberalism and Republicans' adoption of a more conservative stance
The Tea Party and the Remaking of Republican Conservatism
In the aftermath of a potentially demoralizing 2008 electoral defeat, when the Republican Party seemed widely discredited, the emergence of the Tea Party provided conservative activists with a new