Role of oligomeric proanthocyanidins derived from an extract of persimmon fruits in the oxidative stress-related aging process.
From the brain slices of normal mice (ddY strain, subcloned from dd strain in National Institute of Health in Japan), N-methyl-D-aspartic acid (NMDA) at 0.01-1 mM evoked [3H]acetylcholine (ACh) release in a concentration dependent manner. [3H]ACh release evoked by 1 mM NMDA was significantly inhibited by 2-amino-5-phosphonovaleric acid (APV), phencyclidine (PCP) and 5-methyl-10,11-dihydroxy-5H-dibenzo[a,d]cyclohepten-5,10-imine maleate (MK-801). The effects of NMDA were not seen in the Ca2+ free medium and were inhibited by physiological concentration (0.83 mM) of Mg2+. NMDA seems to cause ACh release from nerve terminals through the receptor-ion channel mediated mechanism in the mouse brain. Based upon these results, we determined the activity of a high K(+)- or NMDA-evoked [3H]ACh release using prone/8 strain of senescence-accelerated mouse (SAM-P/8) (a murine model of accelerated aging and memory dysfunction) and SAM-resistance/1 strain (SAM-R/1) (normal aging mice as the control) and these release activities were compared between both strains and during aging. [3H]ACh release evoked by 30 mM KCl was significantly lower than that of age-matched SAM-R/1 at 9 and 12 months. NMDA evoked the [3H]ACh release at 2, 6, 10 and 14 months in R/1 mice. In SAM-P/8 mice the activity of NMDA-evoked release was seen at 2 months, but markedly decreased afterwards. Nonsignificant difference was observed on the uptake of [3H]choline and on the spontaneous release of [3H]ACh between SAM-P/8 and SAM-R/1 strains, and during aging.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)