Age at Arrival and Assimilation During the Age of Mass Migration

@article{Alexander2018AgeAA,
  title={Age at Arrival and Assimilation During the Age of Mass Migration},
  author={Rohan Alexander and Zachary Ward},
  journal={The Journal of Economic History},
  year={2018},
  volume={78},
  pages={904 - 937}
}
We estimate the effect of age at arrival for immigrant outcomes with a new dataset of arrivals linked to the 1940 U.S. Census. Using within-family variation, we find that arriving at an older age, or having more childhood exposure to the European environment, led to a more negative wage gap relative to the native born. Infant arrivals had a positive wage gap relative to natives, in contrast to a negative gap for teenage arrivals. Therefore, a key determinant of immigrant outcomes during the Age… 

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