Age- and gender-related oxidative status determined in healthy subjects by means of OXY-SCORE, a potential new comprehensive index.

Abstract

Oxidative stress has been related to various diseases, gender and ageing, and has been measured by various markers. The authors developed a procedure to compute a global oxidative stress index (OXY-SCORE), reflecting both oxidative and antioxidant markers in healthy subjects. Its performance was tested in relation to age and gender and in coronary artery disease (CAD) patients. Eighty-two healthy subjects and 20 CAD patients were enrolled. Plasma free and total malondialdehyde (F- and T-MDA), glutathione disulphide/reduced form ratio (GSSG/GSH) and urine isoprostanes (iPF2alpha-III) levels were combined as oxidative damage markers (damage score). GSH, alpha- and gamma-tocopherol (TH) levels, and individual antioxidant capacity were combined as antioxidant defence indexes (protection score). The OXY-SCORE was computed by subtracting the protection score from the damage score. Among single parameters, T-MDA and iPF2alpha-III significantly correlated with age; only GSH and both tocopherols correlated with male gender in healthy subjects. The OXY-SCORE was positively associated with age (p=0.004) and male gender (p=0.03). As expected, the OXY-SCORE was higher in CAD with a very significant p-value (<0.0001), after adjusting for age, gender and smoking. Combining different markers can potentially provide a powerful index in the evaluation of oxidative stress related to age, gender and CAD status.

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@article{Veglia2006AgeAG, title={Age- and gender-related oxidative status determined in healthy subjects by means of OXY-SCORE, a potential new comprehensive index.}, author={Fabrizio Veglia and Giuliana Cighetti and Marco De Franceschi and Laura Zingaro and Loredana Boccotti and Elena Tremoli and Viviana Cavalca}, journal={Biomarkers : biochemical indicators of exposure, response, and susceptibility to chemicals}, year={2006}, volume={11 6}, pages={562-73} }