Age and Ethnic Differences in Cold Weather and Contagion Theories of Colds and Flu

@article{Sigelman2012AgeAE,
  title={Age and Ethnic Differences in Cold Weather and Contagion Theories of Colds and Flu},
  author={Carol Sigelman},
  journal={Health Education \& Behavior},
  year={2012},
  volume={39},
  pages={67 - 76}
}
  • C. Sigelman
  • Published 1 February 2012
  • Psychology
  • Health Education & Behavior
Age and ethnic group differences in cold weather and contagion or germ theories of infectious disease were explored in two studies. A cold weather theory was frequently invoked to explain colds and to a lesser extent flu but became less prominent with age as children gained command of a germ theory of disease. Explanations of how contact with other people causes disease were more causally sophisticated than explanations of how cold weather causes it. Finally, Mexican American and other minority… 

Tables from this paper

The Substance of Cold: Indonesians’ Use of Cold Weather Theory to Explain Everyday Illnesses

How folknatural and scientific theories of illness coexist in the minds of Indonesian children and lay adults is revealed.

Development of integrated explanations for illness

Children’s Thinking about HIV/AIDS Causality, Prevention, and Social Interaction

  • C. Sigelman
  • Psychology
    Journal of Child and Family Studies
  • 2018
Guided by both a Piagetian and a naïve theories perspective on disease concepts, this study examined children’s thinking about HIV/AIDS, with special attention to its development, coherence, and

Characterizing Children's Intuitive Theories of Disease: The Case of Flu.

Mental Models of Illness during the Early Months of the COVID-19 Pandemic

The findings suggest a distinct mental model for COVID-19 compared to other illnesses, and the prevalence of CO VID-19 in everyday discourse—especially early in the pandemic—may lead to biased responding, similar to errors in medical diagnosis that result from physicians’ expertise.

Adults’ explanations and children's understanding of contagious illnesses, non-contagious illnesses, and injuries

The present study examined (1) whether children notice different causes for contagious illnesses, non-contagious illnesses, and injuries and (2) what information adults provide to children and to

Expert–novice differences in mental models of viruses, vaccines, and the causes of infectious disease

Most students held a mental model for vaccination in which the vaccine directly attacks a virus that is present in the body, whereas virologists described more entities involved in microbiological processes, how these entities behaved, and why.

Mapping children's and adolescents' judgment rules for assessing the risk of disease transmission from sick friends

Even 7-year-olds seemed to be fully aware of the issue of contagion, although they overgeneralize the risk, and progress in understanding might be best achieved through a process of unlearning rather than learning.

Development and Coherence of Beliefs Regarding Disease Causality and Prevention

Guided by a naïve theories perspective on the development of thinking about disease, this study of 188 children aged 6 to 18 examined knowledge of HIV/AIDS causality and prevention using parallel

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 42 REFERENCES

Age differences in understanding of disease causality: AIDS, colds, and cancer.

It is suggested that health educators must both understand students' current knowledge structures and explicitly teach students to make important differentiations between risk and non-risk factors for a given disease and between distinct diseases.

Chinese children’s explanations for illness

The study explored how Chinese children spontaneously explained the causes of illness. Two groups of 3-, 4-, and 5-year-old children from different socioeconomic status (SES) backgrounds were

What Do Minority Elementary Students Understand about the Causes of Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome, Colds, and Obesity?

Within each grade, the finding of lower causality scores for AIDS, as compared to colds and obesity, points out the need for developmentally appropriate explanations to children about the causes of AIDS.

Children's knowledge of contagion and contamination as causes of illness.

Children's knowledge of contagion and contamination as causes of illness was examined in 3 experiments. In Experiment 1, preschoolers and children in grades 1 and 3 were shown videotaped segments of

Parents' Beliefs and Practices Regarding Childhood Fever: A Study of a Multiethnic and Socioeconomically Diverse Sample of Parents

Parents' beliefs and practices regarding childhood fever vary by race, ethnicity, sociodemographics, and the child's insurance coverage, and educating parents about fever, improving access to health insurance and primary care, and ensuring that families have thermometers may enhance appropriate use of health services and improve outcomes for febrile children.

Folkbiology meets microbiology: A study of conceptual and behavioral change

Understanding of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome by elementary school children--a developmental survey.

Children'sUnderstanding of causality, treatment, and prevention of AIDS, as measured by the ASK, follows the same developmental sequence reported for children's understanding of general physical illness.

There's a demon in your belly: children's understanding of illness.

Knowledge of how children come to understand the processes of causation, prevention, and treatment of illness is needed to help health professionals and educators in their work with children. Healthy

Children's and adults' understanding of illness: evidence in support of a coexistence model.

  • L. RamanG. Winer
  • Psychology
    Genetic, social, and general psychology monographs
  • 2002
It was found that, under certain conditions,Children appeared to have sophisticated beliefs; under other conditions, children, and even adults, showed signs of folkloric and immanent justice reasoning.

A re-examination of children's conceptions of contagion

Abstract It has often been proposed that children under the age of six years do not readily understand the nature of contagion. They may believe that even ailments such as toothaches are transmitted