Age-Related Response to Lidocaine-Prilocaine (EMLA) Emulsion and Effect of Music Distraction on the Pain of Intravenous Cannulation

@article{Arts1994AgeRelatedRT,
  title={Age-Related Response to Lidocaine-Prilocaine (EMLA) Emulsion and Effect of Music Distraction on the Pain of Intravenous Cannulation},
  author={Suzanne E.J. Arts and Huda Huijer Abu-Saad and Gretchen Champion and Mitch Crawford and Richard John Fisher and Kerrison Juniper and John Bernard Ziegler},
  journal={Pediatrics},
  year={1994},
  volume={93 5},
  pages={
          797-801
        }
}
OBJECTIVE To compare the efficacy of a local anesthetic cream and music distraction in reducing or preventing pain from needle puncture (intravenous cannulation) in children. A secondary aim was to examine the influence of age on the pain report and behavior and on the therapeutic outcome. METHODOLOGY Children aged 4 to 16 years (N = 180) who were to undergo surgery under general anesthesia via intravenous cannulation were randomly allocated to one of three interventions. The comparison of… CONTINUE READING
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