Age, musth and paternity success in wild male African elephants, Loxodonta africana

@article{HollisterSmith2007AgeMA,
  title={Age, musth and paternity success in wild male African elephants, Loxodonta africana
},
  author={J. Hollister-Smith and J. Poole and E. Archie and Eric A. Vance and N. Georgiadis and C. Moss and S. Alberts},
  journal={Animal Behaviour},
  year={2007},
  volume={74},
  pages={287-296}
}
Male African elephants experience intense intrasexual selection in gaining access to oestrous females, who represent a very scarce and highly mobile resource. An unusual combination of behavioural and physiological traits in males probably reflects this intense selection pressure. Males show prolonged growth, growing throughout much or perhaps all of their long life span (ca. 60e65 years), and they show musth, a physiological and behavioural condition exclusive to elephants, which is manifested… Expand

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