Age, Gender, and Self-Esteem Differences in Adolescent Coping Styles

  title={Age, Gender, and Self-Esteem Differences in Adolescent Coping Styles},
  author={Ronald L. Mullis and Paula L. Chapman},
  journal={The Journal of Social Psychology},
  pages={539 - 541}
ADOLESCENT COPING involves the cognitive and behavioral means used to deal with stress, both emotionally and instrumentally, during early and later adolescence (Compas, 1987; Lazarus & Folkman, 1984). According to Spivak and Shure (1983, the problem-solving skills of adolescents change and improve with age and as a function of cognitive development and social experience. Developmental differences in coping notwithstanding, some researchers have argued that adolescents’ gender and self-esteem… 

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    Psychological bulletin
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