Against Teleology: Nostalgia and the Vicissitudes of Connectedness in Pharrell Williams’s Music Video It Girl

@article{Sousa2018AgainstTN,
  title={Against Teleology: Nostalgia and the Vicissitudes of Connectedness in Pharrell Williams’s Music Video It Girl},
  author={Ana Matilde Sousa},
  journal={Mechademia},
  year={2018},
  volume={11},
  pages={147 - 165}
}
On September 30, 2014, American superstar singer and producer Pharrell Williams dropped the offi cial music video for “It Girl,” the fi ft h single and closing track of his studio album G I R L released earlier that year.1 Aft er Williams’s participation in Robin Th icke’s controversial “Blurred Lines,” which triggered an outpouring of outrage for its blatantly misogynistic lyrics and music video, G I R L was hailed as a feminist comeback, “an audacious, almostconcept album celebrating women… 

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