After the Integrative Human Microbiome Project, what’s next for the microbiome community?

@article{2019AfterTI,
  title={After the Integrative Human Microbiome Project, what’s next for the microbiome community?},
  author={},
  journal={Nature},
  year={2019},
  volume={569},
  pages={599}
}
  • Published 2019
  • Medicine
  • Nature
The latest phase of this ambitious undertaking has provided important insights into inflammatory bowel disease, the onset of type 2 diabetes and preterm birth. But fully integrated multidisciplinary collaborations are now needed to convert knowledge of the microbiome into clinical applications.Fully integrated multidisciplinary collaborations are now needed to convert knowledge of the microbiome into clinical applications. 
The ethicolegal framework relevant to human faecal microbiota transplants in South Africa: Part 1. A legal vacuum.
TLDR
The relevant regulatory system would depend on the categorisation of human stool as tissue, the exact composition of the FMT, how it is administered to patients, and the relevant levels of manipulation of the stool for FMT-derived products.
Probiotics for Parkinson’s Disease
  • P. Gazerani
  • Medicine
    International journal of molecular sciences
  • 2019
TLDR
Status on use of probiotics for PD is provided and a link between alterations in gut microbiota and PD has also opened a new line, suggesting a bidirectional pathway between the gastrointestinal tract and the central nervous system.
The human gut bacteria Christensenellaceae are widespread, heritable, and associated with health
TLDR
The Christensenellaceae, a recently described family in the phylum Firmicutes, is emerging as an important player in human health, with its relationship with BMI the most robust and reproducible link between the microbial ecology of the human gut and metabolic disease reported to date.
Not by structures alone: Can the immune system recognize microbial functions?
  • Gregor P. Greslehner
  • Medicine, Biology
    Studies in history and philosophy of biological and biomedical sciences
  • 2020
TLDR
It is argued that some function-associated molecular patterns are not indicative of the presence of certain taxa but of biochemical activities and effects, and it is shown that there are immunological sensors that can directly detect microbial activities, irrespective of their specific structural manifestation.
Device-Associated Menstrual Toxic Shock Syndrome
TLDR
Understanding of the development and conclusions related to mTSS and risk factors is addressed, including TSS warning labels on the outside and inside of tampon boxes and, as important, uniform standards worldwide of tampons absorbency labeling.