After continents divide: comparative phylogeography of reef fishes from the Red Sea and Indian Ocean

  title={After continents divide: comparative phylogeography of reef fishes from the Red Sea and Indian Ocean},
  author={Joseph D. DiBattista and Michael L. Berumen and Michelle R. Gaither and Luiz A. Rocha and Jeff A. Eble and John Howard Choat and Matthew T. Craig and Derek J. Skillings and Brian W. Bowen},
  journal={Journal of Biogeography},
The Red Sea is a biodiversity hotspot characterized by a unique marine fauna and high endemism. This sea began forming c. 24 million years ago with the separation of the African and Arabian plates, and has been characterized by periods of desiccation, hypersalinity and intermittent connection to the Indian Ocean. We aim to evaluate the impact of these events on the genetic architecture of the Red Sea reef fish fauna. 

A review of contemporary patterns of endemism for shallow water reef fauna in the Red Sea

The Red Sea biota appears resilient to major environmental fluctuations and is characterized by high rates of endemism with variable degrees of incursion into the Gulf of Aden, which is more likely determined by ecological plasticity and genetic diversity.

On the origin of endemic species in the Red Sea

The geological and palaeo‐climatic forces that produced the unique biodiversity in the Red Sea are a subject of vigorous debate. Here, we review evidence for and against the hypotheses that: (1) Red

When biogeographical provinces collide: hybridization of reef fishes at the crossroads of marine biogeographical provinces in the Arabian Sea

The rate of hybrid discovery at Socotra is much greater than that recorded elsewhere in the marine environment and involved both allopatric and sympatric species.

An Indian Ocean centre of origin revisited: Palaeogene and Neogene influences defining a biogeographic realm

  • D. Obura
  • Environmental Science, Geography
  • 2016
The biogeography and origins of the shallow marine fauna in the western and northern Indian Ocean are poorly known. Focusing on scleractinian corals, this study synthesizes evidence from extant

Yellow tails in the Red Sea: phylogeography of the Indo‐Pacific goatfish Mulloidichthys flavolineatus reveals isolation in peripheral provinces and cryptic evolutionary lineages

Whether genetic structure of the broadly distributed Yellowstripe Goatfish (Mulloidichthys flavolineatus) is defined by biogeographical barriers, or facilitated via larval dispersal, is determined.

Tethyan closure drove tropical marine biodiversity: Vicariant diversification of intertidal crustaceans

The mid‐Miocene closure of the Tethys (Terminal Tethyan Event, TTE) induced by the collision of the African–Arabian plate with the Eurasian plate is considered to be a major driver of tropical marine

Evolutionary Dynamics in the Southwest Indian Ocean Marine Biodiversity Hotspot: A Perspective from the Rocky Shore Gastropod Genus Nerita

A new phylogeny with an associated chronogram from two mitochondrial genes is constructed, suggesting that the regional diversification of Nerita is closely linked to tectonic events in the SWIO region, which highlights the importance of taking into account past climatic and geological factors when studying diversifying of highly dispersive tropical marine species.

The origins of tropical marine biodiversity.

Diversity of two widespread Indo-Pacific demosponge species revisited

The genetic diversity of Hyrtios erectus and Stylissa massa, two alleged widespread sponge species of the Indo-Pacific, from the Red Sea and Mayotte in the West Indian Ocean to Polynesia in the Central Pacific is analysed, indicating that morphologically established demosponge species in the Indo/Pacific can be widespread, but simultaneously harbour cryptic, genetically distinct lineages.

Tethyan changes shaped aquatic diversification

  • Z. HouShuqiang Li
  • Environmental Science, Geography
    Biological reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society
  • 2018
Estimated divergence times indicate that fragmentation of the Tethys was responsible for the vicariant speciation of aquatic animals because these dates are consistent with associated tectonic events.



Genetic evaluation of marine biogeographical barriers: perspectives from two widespread Indo‐Pacific snappers (Lutjanus kasmira and Lutjanus fulvus)

The IPB does not act as a biogeographical barrier to L. kasmira, and, in L. fulvus, its effects are no stronger than isolating mechanisms elsewhere, further demonstrating a strong barrier at the latter location.

Two new records of fishes from the Red Sea

Abstract Two species of bony fishes, which had not previously been reported from the Red Sea, are recorded from Aqaba, Jordan, on the northern tip of the Gulf of Aqaba. Foa brachygramma (family

Living in the Past: Phylogeography and Population Histories of Indo-Pacific Wrasses (Genus Halichoeres) in Shallow Lagoons versus Outer Reef Slopes

It is concluded that lagoonal wrasses may persist through glacial habitat disruptions, but are restricted to refugia during lower sea level stands, contradict the hypothesis that shallow species are less genetically diverse as a consequence of glacial cycles.

Comparative Phylogeography of the Coral Triangle and Implications for Marine Management

A synthesis of the marine phylogeographic studies reveals repeated patterns that corroborate hypothesized biogeographic processes and suggest improved management schemes for marine resources.

Coral Reefs of the Western Indian Ocean

THREE papers recently published* conclude the reports on the intensive study of the reefs of the Western Indian Ocean that was carried out by the Percy Sladen Trust Expedition to the Indian Ocean in

Biogeography of pelagic bacterioplankton across an antagonistic temperature–salinity gradient in the Red Sea

The results suggest that the bacterial diversity of the Red Sea is as high as in other tropical seas and provide evidence for fundamental differences in the biogeography of pelagic communities between the northern and central regions.

Zoogeography of the coral reef fishes of the Socotra Archipelago

Fish communities and habitats were studied at the Socotra archipelago (Gulf of Aden, ≈12°N 54°E). Extensive and unexpected hermatypic coral communities were recorded, at the centre of a 2200 km gap


After 3–4 million years and a globe-spanning series of vicariant and dispersal events, trumpetfish lineages have come back into contact in the southwest Atlantic and appear to be merging, a ring species phenomenon that may occur in a broad array of marine organisms, with clear implications for the production and maintenance of biodiversity in marine ecosystems.


  • J. C. Briggs
  • Environmental Science
    Evolution; international journal of organic evolution
  • 1999
The majority of tropical marine families demonstrate their greatest concentration of species within the relatively small East Indies Triangle. In every direction, the species diversity decreases with

Molecular population structure and the biogeographic history of a regional fauna : a case history with lessons for conservation biology

  • J. Avise
  • Biology, Environmental Science
  • 1992
These concordant phylogeographic patterns among independently evolving species provide evidence of similar vicariant histories of population separation, and can be related tentatively to episodic changes in environmental conditions during the Pleistocene.