After Cahokia: Indigenous Repopulation and Depopulation of the Horseshoe Lake Watershed AD 1400–1900

@article{White2020AfterCI,
  title={After Cahokia: Indigenous Repopulation and Depopulation of the Horseshoe Lake Watershed AD 1400–1900},
  author={A.J. White and Samuel E. Mu{\~n}oz and Sissel Schroeder and Lora R. Stevens},
  journal={American Antiquity},
  year={2020},
  volume={85},
  pages={263 - 278}
}
The occupation history of the Cahokia archaeological complex (ca. AD 1050–1400) has received significant academic attention for decades, but the subsequent repopulation of the region by indigenous peoples is poorly understood. This study presents demographic trends from a fecal stanol population reconstruction of Horseshoe Lake, Illinois, along with information from archaeological, historical, and environmental sources to provide an interpretation of post-Mississippian population change in the… Expand
Questioning the Native American Population Rebound in the Horseshoe Lake Watershed from AD 1500 to AD 1700
White and colleagues (2020) have argued that after Cahokia's AD 1400 decline, the native population in the Horseshoe Lake Watershed rebounded beginning in AD 1500 and peaked around 1650, and that theExpand
Molecular evidence for human population change associated with climate events in the Maya lowlands
Abstract The analysis of faecal stanols in lake sediment cores offers a novel opportunity to reconstruct human population change, assuming that variability in faecal stanol concentration is aExpand
Severe Little Ice Age drought in the midcontinental United States during the Mississippian abandonment of Cahokia
TLDR
A 1600-year-long decadally resolved oxygen isotope (δ18O) record from Horseshoe Lake, an evaporatively influenced oxbow lake that is centrally located within the largest and mostly densely populated series of Mississippian settlements known as Greater Cahokia, indicates that strongly evaporative conditions were persistent during the leadup to Cahokia’s abandonment. Expand
Reply to Skousen and Aiuvalasit: On the Primacy of Archaeological Data
Skousen and Aiuvalasit critique our article on the post-Mississippian occupation of the Horseshoe Lake watershed (White et al. 2020) along two lines: (1) that our findings are not supported due to aExpand
Knowledge infrastructure and research agendas for quotidian Anthropocenes: Critical localism with planetary scope
The Anthropocene requires the development of new forms of knowledge and supporting sociotechnical infrastructure. While there have been calls for both interdisciplinary and community-engagedExpand

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 200 REFERENCES
A record of sustained prehistoric and historic land use from the Cahokia region, Illinois, USA
In eastern North America, large prehistoric settlements were concentrated in and along the floodplains of the midcontinent, but few sedimentary records have been examined adjacent to these sites toExpand
The environmental impact of a pre-Columbian city based on geochemical insights from lake sediment cores recovered near Cahokia
Abstract Cahokia is the largest documented urban settlement in the pre-Columbian United States. Archaeological evidence suggests that the city, located near what is now East St. Louis, Illinois,Expand
Long-term subsistence change in prehistoric North America
Introduction, Rebecca A. Hawkins. Part 1 The midcontinent: woodland traditions in the midcontinent - a comparison of three regional sequences, Mark F. Seeman subsistence inferences from woodland andExpand
Calibrating and reassessing American Bottom culture history
The FAI-270 Project represents one of the most extensive Cultural Resource Management (CRM) undertakings in North America, resulting in the publication of dozens of site reports and, in 1984, aExpand
Land of Big Rivers: French and Indian Illinois, 1699-1778
Drawing on research from a variety of academic fields, such as archaeology, history, botany, ecology, and physical science, M. J. Morgan explores the intersection of people and the environment inExpand
Current Research on Late Precontact Societies of the Midcontinental United States
Research during the past decade on Late Precontact societies (ca. A.D. 1000–1600/1700) in the Midcontinent, particularly Mississippian, Oneota, Fort Ancient, and Late Woodland, is strongly rooted inExpand
Fecal stanols show simultaneous flooding and seasonal precipitation change correlate with Cahokia’s population decline
TLDR
Climate change during the Medieval Climatic Anomaly to Little Ice Age transition is implicate as an important component of population and sociopolitical transformations at Cahokia, and demonstrates how climate transitions can simultaneously influence multiple environmental processes to produce significant challenges to society. Expand
Cahokia$s Boom and Bust in the Context of Climate Change
During the early Mississippian Lohmann phase (A.D. 1050-1100), the American Bottom experienced a political and economic transformation. This transformation included the abrupt planned construction ofExpand
The late prehistoric Cahokia cultural system of the Mississippi River valley: Foundations, florescence, and fragmentation
The development, florescence, and subsequent demise of an organizationally complex cultural system in the American Bottom, part of the central Mississippi River valley, spanned a little over half aExpand
The Power of the Ecotone: Bison, Slavery, and the Rise and Fall of the Grand Village of the Kaskaskia
Among the largest population centers in North America toward the end of the seventeenth century was the Grand Village of the Kaskaskia, which, combined with surrounding settlements, enveloped as manyExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...